The New York Police Department (NYPD) monitored Muslim college students far more broadly than previously known, at schools far beyond the city limits, including the elite Ivy League colleges of Yale and the University of Pennsylvania, reporters have learned.
Police talked with local authorities about professors 480km away in Buffalo and even sent an undercover agent on a whitewater rafting trip, where he recorded students’ names and noted in police intelligence files how many times they prayed.
Detectives trawled Muslim student Web sites every day and, although professors and students had not been accused of any wrongdoing, their names were recorded in reports prepared for New York Police Commissioner Raymond Kelly.
Asked about the monitoring, police spokesman Paul Browne provided a list of 12 people arrested or convicted on terrorism charges in the US and abroad who had once been members of Muslim student associations, which the NYPD referred to as MSAs. Jesse Morton, who this month pleaded guilty to posting online threats against the creators of the animated TV show South Park, had once tried to recruit followers at Stony Brook University on Long Island, Browne said.
“As a result, the NYPD deemed it prudent to get a better handle on what was occurring at MSAs,” Browne said in an e-mail.
He said police monitored student Web sites and collected publicly available information, but did so only between 2006 and 2007.
“I see a violation of civil rights here,” said Tanweer Haq, chaplain of the Muslim Student Association at Syracuse. “Nobody wants to be on the list of the FBI or the NYPD or whatever. Muslim students want to have their own lives, their own privacy and enjoy the same freedoms and opportunities that everybody else has.”
In recent months, reporters have revealed secret programs the NYPD built with help from the CIA to monitor Muslims at the places where they eat, shop and worship. They also published details about how police placed undercover officers at Muslim student associations in colleges within the city limits; this revelation has outraged faculty and student groups.
Though the NYPD says it follows the same rules as the FBI, some of the NYPD’s activities go beyond what the FBI is allowed to do.
Kelly and New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg have repeatedly said that the police only follow legitimate leads about suspected criminal activity.
However, the latest documents mention no wrongdoing by any students.
In one report, an undercover officer describes accompanying 18 Muslim students from the City College of New York on a whitewater rafting trip in upstate New York on April 21, 2008. The officer noted the names of attendees who were officers of the Muslim Student Association.
“In addition to the regularly scheduled events [rafting], the group prayed at least four times a day, and much of the conversation was spent discussing Islam and was religious in nature,” the report says.
Praying five times a day is one of the core traditions of Islam.
Jawad Rasul, one of the students on the trip, said he was stunned that his name was included in the police report.
“It forces me to look around wherever I am now,” Rasul said.
However, another student, Ali Ahmed, whom the NYPD said -appeared to be in charge of the trip, said he understood the police department’s concern.