Japan yesterday picked Lockheed Martin’s F-35 jet as its next mainstay fighter, choosing the aircraft over combat-proven but less stealthy rivals, as concern simmers over North Korea and as China introduces its own stealth fighters.
The decision came as Japan and the US stressed that their security alliance was tight in the face of worry about an unstable North Korea after the death of its leader, Kim Jong-il.
Japanese Minister of Defense Yasuo Ichikawa said the decision to buy 42 of the stealth aircraft, valued by analysts at more than US$7 billion, would help Japan adjust to a changing security environment after Monday’s announcement of the death of the 69-year-old North Korean leader.
“The security environment surrounding future fighter jets is transforming. The F-35 has capabilities that can firmly respond to the changes,” Ichikawa told reporters.
Lockheed Martin and the Pentagon hailed Japan’s selection of the F-35, saying it would help establish a strategic, conventional deterrent in the Asia-Pacific region, where concern simmers about instability under Kim’s successor, his untested youngest son, Kim Jong-un.
“The F-35 Program Office looks forward to strengthening partnerships with Japan, and contributing to enhanced security throughout the Asia Pacific region,” the Pentagon said in a statement after Japan announced its decision.
The F-35, which is in an early production stage, competed against Boeing’s F/A-18 and the Eurofighter Typhoon, made by a consortium of European companies, including BAE Systems.
Experts said the decision to opt for the US plane, made informally well before news of Kim’s death, reflected Japan’s desire to tighten US ties in the face of concern over China’s rising military might and other regional uncertainties.
“It reflects Japan’s recognition on a variety of levels that at a time of greater insecurity, it needs to be more deeply engaged with the United States on security issues,” said Brad Glosserman, executive director at Honolulu’s Pacific Forum CSIS.
In a sign the allies meant to stand together, US President Barack Obama spoke by telephone to Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda and underscored the US commitment to its allies, the White House said.
Japanese Chief Cabinet Secretary Osamu Fujimura told a news conference that Washington and its two close Asia allies, Japan and South Korea, were likely to hold high-level talks on North Korea soon.
“The date has not been decided but it will be at the soonest possible opportunity,” he said.
US-Japan relations had frayed after the novice Democratic Party of Japan took power in 2009 for the first time, vowing to recalibrate the alliance on a more equal basis and attempting, unsuccessfully, to keep a pledge to move a US military base off Japan’s Okinawa Island.
Noda, who took office in September, has firmly shifted gears back to a more traditional security stance.
“Once again, Japan’s security policy is right back to the postwar Japanese mainstream — the decision that the US is Japan’s best security partner,” Glosserman said.
Japan had been widely expected to choose the F-35 due to its advanced stealth capability and US origin. Stealth technology has drawn much attention in Japan since China, which has a long-running territorial dispute with Japan, in January confirmed it had held its first test flight of the J-20 stealth fighter jet.
Despite Sino-Japanese tension over territorial feuds, maritime resources and a bitter wartime past, Noda will nonetheless be seeking China’s cooperation in coping with North Korea when he visits Beijing on Sunday and Monday.
“Instructions from the prime minister were that we need to establish close cooperation and exchange of information with the United States, South Korea and China, so we will seek to work with China on this understanding,” Fujimura said.
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