Sat, Aug 13, 2011 - Page 7 News List

Falcon spaceplane lost minutes into test flight

LOST IN SPACE:The US military lost contact with the carbon fiber spaceplane, which was designed to fly at 21,000kph, after it separated from the launch rocket

The Guardian

Falcon Hypersonic Technology Vehicle 2 (HTV-2) is shown in an undated artist’s conception, released on Thursday. The unmanned US hypersonic glider blasted off from a California air force base on Thursday on a test flight aimed at reaching 20 times the speed of sound, but ground control lost contact with the flight after about 36 minutes.

Photo: Reuters/DARPA

US military officials lost contact with the fastest plane ever built during a hypersonic test flight over the Pacific on Thursday.

The Falcon HTV-2 was launched aboard a rocket from Vandenberg air force base in California, on what at first appeared to be a flawless mission.

However, after separating from the rocket at the edge of space and beginning its return to Earth, the aircraft went silent during the gliding stage of the test flight, when it was due to perform a series of maneuvers as it hurtled through the atmosphere.

US Defense Advance Research Projects Agency (DARPA) officials announced they had lost communication with the speeding craft 36 minutes into the flight.

The unmanned “hypersonic technology flight” had been expected to reach a top speed of Mach 20, or 20,920kph, and withstand temperatures of 2,000?C caused by the ultrafast flow of air around the aircraft.

At that speed, the plane could travel from London to Sydney in less than an hour and cross the US mainland, from New York to Los Angeles, in 12 minutes.

The plane was born from a DARPA plan called Prompt Global Strike, which sought to give military commanders the ability to strike targets anywhere in the world within an hour.

Had the project worked, the Falcon HTV might have replaced intercontinental ballistic missiles.

The loss of the hypersonic aircraft is a serious setback for engineers trying to perfect the art of flying at such spectacular speeds.

In April last year, the first Falcon test flight, HTV-1, ran into trouble after nine minutes when computers picked up a glitch and steered the aircraft into the sea as a safety precaution.

DARPA only built two Falcon prototypes and has no plans to manufacture any more.

This test flight was their last shot at success before the project is considered for closure.

Had the latest test flight gone to plan, the Falcon HTV-2 would have separated from its rocket high above the atmosphere and entered a steep dive before leveling out and performing a series of subtle maneuvers to test its aerodynamic performance.

At the end of the flight the plane was supposed to have rolled upside down and steered a graceful arc into the ocean.

Engineers had hoped the flight would provide crucial information on the plane’s performance, including the resilience of its carbon composite body and navigation systems supposed to keep it on course as it moved at almost 6.5km per second.

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