About 200 people, mainly police officers, were injured as officers clashed with masked protesters at a rally against a high-speed rail link in northern Italy on Sunday, police said.
Clashes between protesters and police left at least 188 officers and about a dozen demonstrators hurt, said officials, after a small group stormed a tunnel which was part of the work site at Chiomonte, west of Turin.
Scuffles between protesters and a heavy police presence continued throughout the day, with a steady exchange of tear gas, stones and Molotov cocktails.
Police arrested at least five people and Italian President Giorgio Napolitano condemned the violence.
Police blamed the trouble on hundreds of masked leftist “black block” extremists from Italy and neighboring countries.
Protest organizers said tens of thousands of demonstrators had gathered peacefully from -surrounding regions to stop the construction of the planned tunnel in the Susa valley.
However, a small band broke away from the main group of protestors to enter the gated work site guarded by hundreds of police, who put the number of demonstrators at about 6,000.
The project, agreed by Italy and France in 2001, would slice three hours off the current seven-hour train journey between Paris and Milan.
However, the development has provoked fierce opposition, not least among 23 local mayors.
In a statement, Napolitano condemned what he said was the work of groups “trained in illegal violence.”
He was joined by Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi and figures across the political spectrum.
Police were out in force on Sunday as authorities had expected more trouble from radical groups within the protest movement after similar clashes last week.
Twenty-five policemen and four protestors were slightly injured on Monday last week when a demonstration at the same spot turned violent and police responded with tear gas.
Before Sunday’s events, the leader of the “No TAV” (No to the high-speed train) movement, Alberto Perino, said demonstrators would have “bare hands and clean hands, against those whose hands are neither bare nor clean.”
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