Weeks of clashes between rival Muslim rebel groups in the southern Philippines have left 13 people dead and forced thousands of others to flee their homes, the military said yesterday.
More than 1,000 rebels armed with rifles, rocket-propelled grenades and mortars have been involved in the fighting, as the two sides seek control of valuable farmland in Mindanao, local army commanders said.
“One group will attack the other, then break off. The other group will then stage an attack in retaliation. It is a series of skirmishes,” regional military spokesman Major Marlowe Patria said.
He said 13 fighters from both sides had been killed and nine wounded since the clashes began on Jan. 9.
Another 800 families had been evacuated to escape the fighting, which was occurring in rice fields and rural villages about 60km from Cotabato City, a main trading center of the south, Patria said.
The feud is between a commander of the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF), the country’s original Muslim separatist group, and a commander from the breakaway Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF), he said.
MILF spokesman Mohager Iqbal said the two commanders were fighting over 1,000 hectares of farmland, while emphasizing the dispute was a local one and not between the main groups.
“It is not the MNLF and MILF that are at war. It is just some members of the MILF and some members of the MNLF,” Iqbal said.
The local government, as well as the leadership of the MNLF and MILF, have been trying to broker a ceasefire this week, but fighting continued on Wednesday and there were fears the conflict could escalate.
“It really looks like they don’t respect the orders of their superiors,” local battalion commander Colonel Domingo Gobway said.
Military intelligence officers in the area said the two rival commanders, who live near each other, originally had a combined total of 1,400 armed followers.
Muslim communities in the south have for centuries struggled to create an independent Islamic state.
The MNLF, which was then the biggest separatist group, signed a peace accord with the government in 1996 that gave it control of an autonomous area of Muslim-dominated regions in the south. However, MNLF fighters retained their weapons and it still has factions that fight for their own interests.
The MILF, which broke away from the MNLF in 1978, has refused to sign a peace deal with the government. The MILF, which has about 12,000 fighters, is due to re-open peace talks with the government in Malaysia next week.
Even while struggling against the national government, Muslim clans in the south often engage in violent conflicts with each other over land and political power. An Asian Foundation study in 2007 said such feuds had claimed 5,500 lives since the 1930s.
Some areas of the south remain off limits to the military because of the power of the rebel factions and other armed Muslim clans.
Gobway, the local military commander, said his soldiers were staying out of the current conflict for fear of making it worse.
“If the military comes in, one side could ambush us and then blame it on the other side,” he said.