Thu, Aug 05, 2010 - Page 4 News List

Video casts light on Indonesia atrocities

GRUESOME Footage of a man apparently being gutted by police offers a glimpse into a province where people can now vote, but still fear being tortured for their views

AP , JAKARTA

The jumpy video shows a prisoner lying in a jungle clearing in eastern Indonesia moments after troops allegedly sliced open his abdomen with a bayonet, sending intestines tumbling from his stomach.

Using the little life he has left in him, Yawen Wayeni lifts his arm into the air, and says weakly: “Freedom! Papua ... Freedom!”

At the sound of his muffled voice, gun-toting, uniformed officers resting in the shade approach.

“Speak up,” one taunts. “What? You all are never going to get freedom. As long as there are soldiers still.”

One year after the activist’s death, footage being circulated online is providing a glimpse into the actions of Indonesia’s military in Papua, where an estimated 100,000 people have been killed since the former Dutch colony was integrated into the country nearly 50 years ago.

A low-level insurgency in the province remains an extremely sensitive issue for the government, which restricts access to foreign journalists, human rights workers and academics, making it difficult to verify claims of abuse.

Police have said Wayeni, captured for allegedly vandalizing several of their buildings and vehicles, was shot in the thigh and stomach while resisting arrest and that he died on the way to the hospital.

Harkristuti Harkrisnowo, a director general at Indonesia’s Ministry of Law and Human Rights, said on Tuesday she was unaware of the video but promised to investigate.

DEMOCRACY

Indonesia has made tremendous strides toward democracy since emerging from decades of dictatorship under General Suharto in 1998. Citizens today can vote directly for president and the country has been praised for reforms that have freed the media and vastly improved human rights.

But government critics in Papua are still given lengthy prison terms for peacefully expressing their views, organizing rallies or simply raising separatist flags. Many say they have been tortured in detention with electric shocks, beatings and cigarette burns.

The central government, which granted Papua special autonomy in 2001, denies such atrocities still take place. An Amnesty International report cited incidents of torture, excessive force and executions by security forces in Papua last year.

Others said the killing points to the persistence of violence in governing the far-flung, desperately poor region.

“For all their talk about how things have changed since Suharto’s days, this particular murder is just another example reminding us how much remains the same,” said Richard Chauvel, a senior lecturer at Victoria University in Australia who has written extensively about Papua.

The video also points to broader feelings that special autonomy — which gives Papuans greater control over their budget and economy — has done little to address key issues driving attitudes in the province.

Sidney Jones of the International Crisis Group, a Brussels-based think tank, said government leaders, with few exceptions, “do not understand that the only way to stem an independence movement is through serious attention to political issues.”

“At the same time, the Papuans themselves tend to blame Jakarta for everything that has gone wrong, without too much introspection what they themselves could do,” Jones said.

This is a huge gap, she said, that can only be bridged if high-level discussions are held about political issues.

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