Thousands of foreign fighters have poured into Afghanistan to bolster the Taliban insurgency, the country’s defense minister said as he called for more international troops.
The remarks came as the US debates whether to substantially increase its forces in Afghanistan or to conduct a more limited campaign focused on targeting al-Qaeda figures — most of whom are believed to be in neighboring Pakistan.
The minister’s comments hit on a key worry of the US — that not sending enough troops to Afghanistan would open the door back up to al-Qaeda. They also suggest that the Afghan government is nervous about the US commitment amid talk of changing the strategy and a surge in violence in recent months.
“The enemy has changed. Their number has increased,” Defense Minister General Abdul Rahim Wardak told lawmakers in a speech on Saturday.
He said about 4,000 fighters, mostly from Chechnya, North Africa and Pakistan “have joined with them and they are involved in the fighting in Afghanistan.”
He gave no time frame for the supposed increase in foreign fighters.
Wardak said Afghan intelligence services had asked for more international forces to cope with the foreign threat and the minister’s spokesman said Wardak backed the call.
US military officials said they could not immediately comment on the claim of a recent influx of foreign fighters.
Afghanistan’s interior minister, who also spoke to parliament, endorsed a strategy promoted by the top US commander General Stanley McChrystal to focus on protecting civilians rather than simply killing insurgents.
“If the target of this fight is only killing the Taliban, we will not win this war. If it is saving the Afghan people, then we have a possibility,” Interior Minister Hanif Atmar said.
The strategy debate in the US has been complicated by the still-undecided Afghan presidential election, which has raised doubts about whether there will be reliable, credible Afghan leadership to cement any military gains made by the US and its allies.
Results from the disputed August vote have been delayed because of widespread allegations of fraud.
A UN-backed fraud investigation panel was analyzing data on Saturday from an audit and recount of polling stations with suspect results. Results from about 13 percent of the country’s polling stations hang in the balance — enough to swing the result from an outright win by President Hamid Karzai to a forced runoff between the top two finishers.
Election officials have said they expect to announce final results by the end of next week.
The weeks of waiting have been dogged by accusations of wrongdoing between candidates and even within the UN, which has advised on the vote and whose appointees dominate the fraud investigation panel.
The second-in-command at the UN in Afghanistan was fired this month after a dispute with his boss about how to investigate alleged fraud. The official, Peter Galbraith of the US, has since accused the UN of trying to cover up fraud to avoid a runoff vote. Kai Eide, the top UN envoy to Afghanistan, has denied the charges.
An Afghan election official said on Saturday that the UN dispute is further damaging the credibility of an election already seen as marred by fraud.
“This kind of controversy will, of course, have an impact on the wider perception of the election inside and outside Afghanistan,” said Zekria Barakzai, a deputy chief electoral officer with the government-appointed Independent Election Commission. “It is a negative impact.”
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