US restrictions on trade with Cuba and family travel to the island would be eased under legislation passed by the House of Representatives on Wednesday, but the changes could encounter trouble in the Senate.
Supporters hope congressional action will be the first step toward reviewing and possibly reversing the decades-old US policy of shunning Cuba. Tucked into a larger spending bill, most of the changes would expire on Sept. 30 unless there is a move to extend them by Congress or US President Barack Obama.
Obama has made clear he favors relaxing limits on family travel and cash remittances by Cuban Americans to Cuba, although he has said the US trade embargo against that country should stay in place to press for democratic reforms.
The legislation approved by the House does not lift the overall embargo. But it would prohibit the US Treasury Department from enforcing Bush administration rules requiring payment of cash in advance for agricultural sales to Cuba.
Analysts believe that US rice sales to Cuba will soar if the provision becomes law. Rice sales declined every year after the cash-in-advance rules were imposed in 2005, because Cuba could turn to Vietnam — a country with which it has close ties — for rice on easier terms.
The House-passed legislation also would provide general licenses for travel to and from Cuba for marketing and selling agricultural products. And it would allow Americans with relatives in Cuba to travel there more frequently and for longer periods of time.
But the measure must pass the Senate before becoming law, and Florida Republican Senator Mel Martinez, a Cuban-American, opposes the changes, an aide said. Martinez could try to use Senate procedural hurdles to stop the bill.
US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said last month the Obama administration wanted to ease travel restrictions on families wishing to visit relatives in Cuba and she pledged a review of Cuba policy.
Democratic Representative Jose Serrano denied lawmakers were trying to put pressure on or get ahead of the Obama administration on Cuba policy.
A veto threat from former US president George W. Bush kept the bill from being voted on until now.
“I think if this passes and gets signed into law, it will send the message, or at least alleviate any concerns the White House may have that Congress is not on board” with easing US policy toward Cuba, Serrano said.
Francisco “Pepe” Hernandez, president of the Cuban American National Foundation, one of the leading Miami-based exile groups, said he was pleased with the House passage but worried there could be problems in the Senate, which is expected to take up the measure as soon as today.
“We have been asking for that since the [travel] restrictions were put in place,” he said. “We believe there should be more opportunities for Cuban families to connect.”
Last year, nearly a quarter of Congress wrote to the Bush administration urging a review of Cuba policy after former Cuban president Fidel Castro, who seized power in a 1959 revolution, retired due to poor health. His brother Raul Castro took over as president.
Washington broke off diplomatic ties with Havana in 1961, after Castro moved the island rapidly on a socialist path aligned with Moscow during the Cold War. The US imposed the trade embargo in 1962.
Meanwhile, France wants to serve as the “engine” of a dialogue between Cuba and the US, French President Nicolas Sarkozy’s special envoy to Cuba said after a two-hour meeting with Cuban President Raul Castro.