Thu, Dec 30, 2004 - Page 6 News List

Russia plans to end free trips to space for US astronauts

BARTER PROPOSED As government budgets for space-related research dwindles, the Russian space agency is looking for ways to expand its commercial ventures

AP , MOSCOW

Russia plans to stop giving US astronauts free rides on its spacecraft to the international space station beginning in 2006, the head of Russia's space agency said on Tuesday.

Anatoly Perminov said the no-cost agreement between NASA and Russia's space agency Roskosmos could be replaced by a barter arrangement, according to the Interfax news agency.

Russian Soyuz crew capsules and Progress cargo ships have been the sole link to the international space station since US shuttles were grounded after the shuttle Columbia burned up on re-entry in February last year. NASA said it plans to resume its shuttle program in May.

The Russian agency has been looking to expand commercial ventures in recent years, amid dwindling government budgets for space-related research.

The agency is expected to sign a contract with the European Space Agency soon to send an Italian astronaut to the space station in April, along with a Russian cosmonaut and NASA astronaut.

Roskosmos is also trying to renew its lucrative space tourism program.

Perminov said two people were being considered to fly on a Russian spacecraft to the international space station, possibly in 2006.

He did not identify them, but said neither was Russian, according to Interfax.

American Dennis Tito in 2001 and South African Mark Shuttleworth in 2002 paid US$20 million each for tourist trips to the station aboard Soyuz spacecraft.

Russia is also hoping to start commercial space launches from France's Kourou launch pad in French Guiana. Russia and the ESA reached agreement on a deal earlier this year and the launches could begin sometime in 2007.

Perminov said work on upgrading the Kourou facility -- estimated to cost more than US$220 million -- could begin as early as January, Interfax said.

Russia has pushed for access to Kourou because its proximity to the equator, in northern South America, would allow Russian rockets to carry heavier cargoes to higher orbits, compared with launches from the Baikonur cosmodrome, which Russia leases from Kazakhstan.

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