Two communist parties established in July and December last year have formally registered with the Ministry of the Interior and became legally protected civic organizations in Taiwan, the ministry said on Monday.
Ministry officials said the Taiwan Communist Party was founded after the Council of Grand Justices ruled on June 20 that provisions in the Civil Associations Act (人民團體法) banning people from advocating communism or separatism were unconstitutional.
The founder of the Taiwan Communist Party had tried several times since 1994 to apply with the ministry to form the party, but had been rejected every time because advocating communism in Taiwan was illegal until the June 20 ruling.
The party became the nation’s 141st political party.
On Dec. 27, the second communist party — the Republic of China Communist Party — was formed in Taipei and its application for registration was filed earlier this year.
The party was formally approved on March 31, becoming Taiwan’s 147th political party.
Neither party is a subordinate of the Communist Party of China, although one has explicitly called for Taiwan’s eventual unification with China through peaceful means.