Two more collections of historical material on the 228 Incident, compiled by Academia Historica, were published yesterday, adding to a series of 16 collections previously published from the files kept by the National Archive Administration (NAA).
The 228 Incident refers to a massacre that took place in 1947 when Chinese Nationalist Party (KMT) troops suppressed a Taiwanese uprising, leaving tens of thousands dead, missing or imprisoned.
“After we finished clearing up the NAA material about the incident in 2007, more historical material was sent to Academia Historica by the Ministry of National Defense that were left by [late dictator] Chiang Kai-shek (蔣介石) and the Chinese Nationalist Party regime,” said Chien Sheng-huang (簡笙簧), a director at Academia Historica.
Cheng said the documents in the two new collections include a lot of correspondence between Chiang and the main KMT figures in the massacre, including then-governor of Taiwan Chen Yi (陳儀) and then-minister of national defense Pai Chung-hsi (白崇禧).
Also included in the two collections were the reports on the situation in Taiwan sent from the KMT’s two major intelligence gathering bodies, Cheng said.
“This is all important historical material as it shows how Chiang saw the situation and why he decided to send in the army,” Cheng said.
Academia Historica also presented its publication of a two-volume glossary detailing 1,126 terms related to the massacre. It also includes a list of more than 1,900 historical research items and brief descriptions of the 2,267 victims by The 228 Memorial Foundation.