Last month's earthquake off southern Taiwan that killed two people and injured 42 has revived a debate on earthquake prediction as several residents claimed they had predicted it because they heard strange sounds or had chest pains.
The most popular among these earthquake "predictors" is Lee Chen-chi (
Chen said that several days before the Dec. 26 quake struck off Hengchun (
He e-mailed his predictions to friends and Professor Chu Tzu-hau (
The quake, measuring 6.7 on the Richter scale, destroyed 15 houses and damaged undersea cables, disrupting telecommunications across Asia.
Lee said he realized he could predict earthquakes after a magnitude 7.3 quake on Sept. 21, 1999, which left 2,415 dead, 11,305 injured and 400,000 homeless.
"After that quake, I realized that whenever I heard muffled sounds, an earthquake would occur in the next few days, so I began to e-mail my predictions to the Seismological Observation Center [SOC]," Lee said.
After several seemingly correct predictions, Lee became a national celebrity with reporters following him every day, asking him if he had heard strange sounds and when a big quake might hit.
Three dozen other earthquake predictors soon emerged, claiming they could predict earthquakes because they could also hear strange sounds or pick up other signs.
In response, the SOC banned unofficial earthquake predictions in 2005.
Violators of the ban face a NT$1 million (US$30,000) fine.
SOC section chief Hsiao Nai-chi (蕭乃祺) said that most of the predictions were unreliable and inconsistent, "so we must rely on scientific data from our equipment," he said.
The SOC, relying on 70 monitoring stations, can report an earthquake five to 10 minutes after it has struck Taiwan or off Taiwan's coast.
But many Taiwanese like Chu Tzu-hau say that animals, human beings and scientific equipment can predict earthquakes.
"A month and a half before the Sept. 21, 1999, earthquake hit Taiwan, Chinese space scientists had predicted it, but they did not notify Taiwan until after the quake due to strained Beijing-Taipei ties," the geologist said.
The Chinese scientists had noticed -- through satellite thermal imaging -- a 2oC to 6oC rise in temperature of the ocean surface around Taiwan, he said.
Chu added that among three dozen people in Taiwan who say they can predict earthquakes, five to six of them are "accurate" in their predictions.
These include Lee and Chiu Tai-yuan, 66, a dry-cleaning store owner living in Banciao, Taipei County.
Chiu said that he had developed the ability to predict earthquakes while meditating in 1984.
"My body went through a transformation," he said, referring to belief in an energy that flows through everything that exists.
"All the channels of the qi opened, and my body became a cosmos. When one part aches, I can tell an earthquake will happen in the coming days, and I can tell you the location," he said.
"My head is south, my feet are north, my right side is east and my left side is west. So if I have a pain near my head, it indicates a quake will hit southern Taiwan. And a pain toward my feet means a quake will hit Japan," he said.
On Jan. 3, Chiu called the DPA news agency, saying he had received signals indicating an earthquake was going to hit eastern Taiwan in about three days, "but it'll be a small one."
A magnitude-4.3 quake hit eastern Taiwan two days later.
Small earthquakes regularly occur around Taiwan, especially along the east coast.
About 200 quakes of at least magnitude 4 jolt the nation each year, with around a dozen of them measuring above magnitude 5.
On Jan. 4 and Jan. 5, Chiu said he was "receiving signals" again and "knew" a large quake was going to occur north of Taiwan, possibly in Japan.
He know it would be an undersea earthquake because it was a dull pain, he said.
On Saturday, a magnitude-8.2 undersea earthquake occurred near Japan's northern islands.
The earthquake triggered two small tidal waves.
The Meteorological Agency in Japan and the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center had both warned that the quake could result in a 1m high tsunami.
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