Fri, Jul 02, 2010 - Page 19 News List

FEATURE : German patriotism still touchy issue


A man stands at the entrance of a store selling flags and other merchandise related to the World Cup in Murnau, southern Germany, on Tuesday.


Youssef Bassal’s heart swelled with pride when he draped an enormous German flag on the building where he runs a cellphone store in support of the World Cup team.

So the Lebanese immigrant was stunned when German leftist groups tore down the flag — not just once, but twice.

“I don’t understand them at all — every American or Frenchman would be proud to show their flag and root for their football team,” the 39-year-old said at his store in a neighborhood that’s home to many Arab immigrants. “It’s not like there’s still a swastika on Germany’s flag.”

It’s a paradox rooted in Europe’s multicultural world: Immigrants are rallying around Germany’s diverse soccer team that includes players with roots in Turkey, Ghana, Poland, Tunisia, and other countries. But 65 years after the end of World War II, some Germans are still adamantly against any expression of national pride and feel uneasy about cheering “Deutschland, Deutschland” during a World Cup match.

Of course there are millions of Germans, especially from the younger generation, who don’t hesitate to paint their faces with the German tricolor on game day. But strikingly, such overt expressions of national pride only appeared widely in the country when it hosted the World Cup four years ago.

At this World Cup, what has caught the eye is that Berlin’s immigrant neighborhoods sport many more black-red-golden flags on cars, balconies and store fronts than more traditionally German quarters.

That’s largely because this year’s team seems like a celebration of the nation’s multiethnic makeup. The team of 23 includes 11 players with a variety of immigrant roots.

It all reflects the country’s transition over the last decades from a largely homogeneous German nation to one where 15 million out of 82 million inhabitants claim immigrant background.

“These players, who are the children of former guestworkers and binational parents ... represent Germany in South Africa on the world’s stage,” Cem Ozdemir, co-leader of the Green Party, told daily Die Welt.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel lauded the German team’s diversity and called it “a role model for the integration” of foreigners.

While the entire nation has rallied behind the World Cup team, relations between immigrants and Germans are not always easy.

Just a few days ago, a low-level politician in Merkel’s conservative Christian Democratic party suggested an intelligence test for prospective newcomers to assure that they “really benefit our country.”

While many immigrants complain about xenophobic behavior, many Germans fear terrorist attacks by homegrown terrorists, especially Muslim extremists, after a handful of failed attempts.

Heide Schwartz, a 58-year-old German teacher from Berlin, said even though she liked watching some of the World Cup games with her family, she would never adorn her car with a flag, because “Germany did too many horrible things during the Third Reich to be able cheer out loud for this country.”

The German radical leftist group “Autonome WM-Gruppe” went a step further and published a post on the Internet calling for the destruction of Bassal’s flag.

Bassal responded to the online threats by organizing a group of five immigrants from Turkey, Egypt and Lebanon to protect the German flag at night. He has also pressed charges against those believed responsible for tearing it down the first time, who were caught by police.

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