The UN yesterday condemned as a “war crime” the bulldozing by the Islamic State (IS) group of the ancient city of Nimrud, the extremists’ latest demolition of Iraq’s cultural treasures.
After rampaging through Mosul’s museum with sledgehammers and torching its library last month, IS — formerly known as the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant — on Thursday bulldozed the nearby ruins of Nimrud, the Iraqi Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities said.
Antiquities officials said IS militants had moved trucks last week to the site, which overlooks the Tigris river, 30km southeast of their main hub of Mosul.
“Until now, we do not know to what extent it was destroyed,” one official said on condition of anonymity.
Nimrud was the latest victim of what appears to be a systematic campaign by the extremists to decimate Iraq’s rich heritage.
“I’m really devastated, but it was just a matter of time,” said Abdulamir Hamdani, an Iraqi archaeologist from Stony Brook University in New York.
Nimrud was founded in the 13th century BC and was once considered the jewel of the Assyrian era.
Its stunning reliefs and colossal statues of winged bulls with human heads guarding palace gates filled the world’s museums in the 19th century.
A collection of 613 gold jewels, ornaments and precious stones found unearthed from a royal tomb in 1988 has been described as one of the greatest archeological finds of the 20th century.
UNESCO head Irina Bokova condemned the destruction.
“We cannot stay silent. The deliberate destruction of cultural heritage constitutes a war crime and I call on all political and religious leaders in the region to stand up against this new barbarity,” she said.
UNESCO has called for tougher action to protect the many heritage sites in the cradle of civilization, but little can be done in areas under IS control.
IS justifies the destruction by saying the statues are idolatrous, but experts say the extremists traffic antiquities to fund their self-proclaimed “caliphate” and only destroy the pieces that are too bulky to be smuggled.
Stuart Gibson, a UNESCO expert on museums, said pressure from the international community would have little impact on IS.
“We have also traditionally called upon the peoples of the region to recognize the irreplaceable value and cultural necessity in protecting their cultural heritage,” he said. “Unfortunately today the people in the region are exhausted and terrified. The remainder of us can only stand on the outside looking on in absolute despair.”
IS still controls large parts of northern and western Iraq, but has been losing ground under mounting military pressure from Iraqi federal and Kurdish forces backed by a US-led coalition and Iran.
Since they swept through Iraq’s Sunni heartland in June last year, IS militants have destroyed a long list of religious and heritage sites, including Sunni shrines.
“UNESCO is determined to do whatever is needed to document and protect the heritage of Iraq and lead the fight against the illicit traffic of cultural artifacts, which directly contributes to the financing of terrorism,” Bokova said. “At stake is the survival of the Iraqi culture and society.”
Most of Nimrud’s priceless artifacts have long been moved to museums, in Mosul, Baghdad, Paris, London and elsewhere but some giant “lamassu” statues of winged bulls and reliefs were still on site.
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