Not many Taiwanese novels become big sellers overseas, but a new book being promoted by a savvy literary agent in Taipei might break the mold.
Novelist and nature writer Wu Ming-yi (吳明益) is a soft-spoken, writerly Taipei native in his early 40s who first published The Man With Compound Eyes (複眼人) in 2011. The eco-fantasy has already been translated into English by Darryl Sterk, a Canadian expat living in Taiwan, and British and American publishers have been calling.
Gray Tan (譚光磊), Wu’s literary agent, has been busy promoting the book for more than two years and has already snagged three major publishers overseas.
Photo courtesy of GRAYHAWK AGENCY
A French-language translation by Gwen Gaffric is also in the works for a 2014 release in Paris.
Not only is the novel, Wu’s fourth book, set in Taiwan in the near future of 2029, it was translated by a Western expat who has long been a student of Aboriginal cultures and languages here.
Sterk said Wu’s 300-page novel can be compared to Life of Pi. “Both novels are inquiring into the meaning of life by throwing characters into the wilderness,” he said, adding that Wu’s novel is “strongly plotted with a sophisticated vision of nature.”
“The Man With Compound Eyes is a vision of nature, a kind of metaphor, a metaphor for our age, inspired as much by Marshall McLuhan as by insect eye biology,” Sterk added. “The main character’s eyes are like video screens, and there’s a video-mosaic effect.”
Sterk got the translation gig for Wu’s novel through a personal connection. He was introduced to Tan by a former teacher who knew both men.
“I spent the past five years immersed in Aboriginal representations in Taiwan, especially as produced by non-Aborigines, and there are many Aboriginal characters in Wu’s novel,” Sterk said. “Tan asked me first to do a translation of an excerpt from the book, so he could show it to an editor in London. One thing led to another and I ended up translating the entire book.”
Behind every international breakout novel, there’s an intriguing backstory, and Tan’s account as the agent promoting the book overseas is worth paying attention to. There’s serendipity and luck and good timing involved.
Tan said the novel was first picked up by Rebecca Carter, then an acquisitions editor at the Harvill Secker publishing company in London. From Britain, the book was sold to a major publisher in New York.
“I met Rebecca at the London Book Fair in 2011, and I was able to pitch Wu’s novel to her face to face there after talking about it in previous e-mails,” he said. “She seemed interested in this ecological fantasy by a Taiwanese novelist, and so I sent her an excerpt of Wu’s novel by our translator. A week later Rebecca said she loved the excerpt she read but wanted to know more, so I wrote a 20-page chapter-by-chapter synopsis for her. She immediately sent in an offer, and we closed the deal.”
The arresting and colorful cover for the British edition has been done by the renowned artist Jim Wilson and can be seen online already.
Tan is positioning the book under the “international fiction” label, he says, adding that terms such as “speculative fiction” or “literary SF” are also fitting.
Ignored at home
Wu started writing The Man With Compound Eyes in 2006, he told the Taipei Times in an e-mail, noting that since publication in early 2011 sales have been steady, with the book now in its fourth printing — not a bad benchmark for authors in Taiwan.
But newspaper reviews of the novel have been sparse, according to Tan, with only one national newspaper reviewing the book. A few literature blogs have taken notice of the book, but plaudits for the book have spread mostly by word of mouth.
All this could change, of course, when Wu’s novel comes out in Britain and the US next fall, as Taiwan’s media will probably rush to print reviews by foreign newspapers.
When asked how he feels about the prospect of seeing his novel published in English and French overseas, Wu said that he’s “thrilled.”
“It means readers from different cultural backgrounds will be able to share in my story, and to discover and interpret what I’ve written in different ways,” Wu said. “They’ll also get a chance to better understand Taiwanese culture and literature.”
While Taiwan’s mass media have not given much space to news of Wu’s book or its chances for success overseas, the government has been a big player behind the scenes, Tan said.
“The Ministry of Culture and the National Museum of Taiwan Literature (國立台灣文學館) have both been very much behind the book,” he said. “The museum gave translation subsidies to both the British and the French publishers, and the Ministry of Culture has been instrumental in helping us connect with some important international literary festivals.”
Gaffric, the French translator, is writing his doctoral thesis in France on ecological issues in Taiwanese literature.
“The novel oscillates between Taiwan settings and overseas settings, and it echoes global environmental crises that impact on everyone,” he said.
Critic Antonio Chen (陳建忠), writing about the book in Asymptote, an international online literary journal, has called it ‘’a masterpiece of environmental literature about an apocalyptic Aboriginal encounter with modernity.”
In the story that Wu weaves, “Taiwanese people are too interested in developing the east coast [in 2029] to clean it up,” he wrote.
Chen added: “Trash, resource shortages, and the destruction of Taiwan’s coastline as a result of the pursuit of unenlightened self-interest are unremarkable raw materials, but [Wu] mashes them into art. Seen through his compound eyes, daily life is dramatized and fictionalized, and the reader [is] inspired to feats of imagination and action.”
With around 10,000 descendants packing the ancestral shrine every Tomb Sweeping Day, the Yeh family’s grand affair made a bid for the Guiness Book of World Records in 2016. They won’t be coming even close on Saturday. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, less than 30 people will be attending and conducting the rituals. “We hope that our ancestors don’t take offense,” branch association head Yeh Lun-tsai (葉倫在) tells the Liberty Times (sister paper of the Taipei Times). Tomb Sweeping Day activities can potentially aggravate the spread of the virus as large groups congregate in cemeteries and columbariums at the same
In terms of life expectancy for its citizens, in recent decades Taiwan has caught up with and overtaken a number of Western countries. According to the most recent edition of the CIA’s World Factbook, Taiwanese now live longer than Americans, Czechs and Poles. Of course, the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic may shake up the rankings. Taiwan’s single-payer healthcare system, set up in 1995, is one reason why people here can stay healthy for a long time. Before the postwar Chinese Nationalist Party (KMT) regime introduced the piecemeal health-insurance schemes (covering government employees, farmers, and others) that preceded the universal system, sick people
Nowhere are the effects of the Chinese Nationalist Party’s (KMT) postwar Sinification campaign more visible than in the toponymic revisions that the regime undertook after assuming power. Taipei’s streets were renamed after Chinese cities or quintessentially Chinese values, and with the kind of self-aggrandizing flourish to which the party was partial, the process even referenced itself, Guangfu (光復) — which translates as “retrocession” — becoming a mainstay of urban nomenclature. Above all, the KMT’s top brass was memorialized: the given names of Sun Yat-sen (孫中山) and Chiang Kai-shek (蔣中正) — Zhongshan (中山) and Zhongzheng (中正) — were conferred on locations
April 6 to April 12 Han Chinese settlers from Zhangzhou and Quanzhou were such fierce rivals that simple activities such as buying supplies for festivals would often result in armed violence. It’s said that this was especially severe just before Tomb Sweeping Festival, and to prevent bloodshed Qing Dynasty officials ordered them to conduct their rituals on different days. This is not unlike the government urging people to visit their ancestors’ graves on days other than yesterday’s official Tomb Sweeping Day, also known as the Qingming Festival, to curb the spreading of the COVID-19 pandemic. While the Chinese Nationalist Party