Sun, Nov 06, 2005 - Page 17 News List

Charity begins with accountability and transparency

Some Non-Profit Organizations have a public image problem, or are plain crooked. A law regulating their fund raising is needed now


Feng Yen is a spokesperson for the Taiwan NPO Self-Regulation Alliance.


When four Taipei City Government councilors wrongfully accused the Children Are Us Foundation (喜憨兒社會福利基金會) of exploiting its workers with developmental disabilities, at a press conference last month, the group saw its hard-won reputation crumble overnight.

Its offices were flooded with phone calls from concerned citizens demanding to know how their money was spent. Orders for Children Are Us Bakery items from corporations were canceled and donations were withdrawn.

Children Are US was accused by the councilors of paying workers under the minimum wage. But in fact, the group had to provide oversight for its workers and was not making a profit and thereby breaking the terms of its charity charter.

"To a non-profit organization like us, good image and accountability are our core values. Once they are questioned, the very existence of the organization will fall apart," Children Are Us Foundation CEO Wu Ting-fang (武庭芳) said.

Non-Profit Organizations (NPOs) are usually charity organizations whose primary objective is to support matters of public concern. They don't operate to generate profit. NPOs can been seen as a powerful supplement to government inefficiency and inflex-ibility, in terms of social welfare services and distribution of resources.

In Taiwan, there are tens of thousands of such organizations that are funded by donations from private and public sectors. However, without well-defined regulations and a central body to supervise the operation of groups like Children Are Us, such incidents are likely to happen again. And once the general public loses faith in a group because of misunderstandings about the law and how it is supposed to operate then it will likely collapse and this will obviously impact on the people it was intended to help.

Underpaid or overpaid?

Thankfully, a newly established alliance of local NPOs, the Taiwan NPO Self-Regulation Alliance (台灣公益團體自律聯盟), is setting out some improvements. Founded one year ago by 31 not-for-profit groups such as the Eden Social Welfare Foundation (伊甸社會福利基金會), the Red Cross Society of the ROC (中華民國紅十字會) and United Way of Taiwan (中華社會福利聯合勸募協會), the alliance was officially established two weeks ago and already has over 60 members who have joined together to develop a transparent and accountable mechanism for donating and fund raising.

As Feng Yen (馮燕), the spokesperson of the alliance and also a National Taiwan University professor, points out, a healthy legal and supervisory environment is vital to the development of NPOs and retaining the trust of the general public. Once such an environment is achieved, funding and donations will flood in naturally.

If only things were that simple.

The only law that regulates NPO operations is the united fund raising regulation which went into effect in 1953. The regulation was intended to limit the government's fund raising efforts for the purpose of entertaining the armed forces. As the country became more wealth in the late 1960s and early 1970s, local NPOs began to thrive and the fund raising regulation was the only law they had to comply with.

The Social Affairs Department of the Ministry of the Interior oversees the application of the fund raising law, but it neither has the resources nor the manpower to supervise such a huge body of social groups.

"If you are a law-abiding group and try to follow the regulations, the agency will keep a close eye on you. But if you don't care about the law and just go fund raising your own way, you will be fine until something goes wrong and then you are on every news channel. Then the agency will pay more attention on you," Feng said.

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