Mon, Jul 22, 2019 - Page 16 News List

US importers adapt to tariffs and skirt them

AFP, NEW YORK

Big US companies are accelerating efforts to move more of their supply chains from China in light of the tariffs imposed by the administration of US President Donald Trump.

Companies in sectors such as technology, clothing and footwear are exporting more goods from emerging giants, including Vietnam and Malaysia, data show.

At the same time, the shift has exposed the murkiness of trade export rules, putting a premium on lawyers expert in the minutiae of US customs rules.

“We have a lot of questions from our members,” said Sage Chandler, vice president of international trade at the Consumer Technology Association. “Companies are trying to find ways to avoid having to pay 25 percent.”

Some companies might be pushing the envelope a little too much, contravening US rules against “transhipments,” the routing of China-made goods through other countries to evade tariffs, legal experts say.

Trump since last year has slapped 25 percent duties on US$250 billion of Chinese imports and threatened additional levies on all other Chinese items coming to the US — although the two sides last month agreed to hold their fire for now.

Trump’s trade measures have led some multinationals to fortify their North American operations and others to transfer some manufacturing capacity from China to any number of countries, including Vietnam, Cambodia, Malaysia, the Philipines, Bangladesh, India and Ethiopia.

Exports of computers and electronics from Vietnam to the US have risen 71.6 percent in the first five months of this year compared with the same period last year, US government data showed.

The pattern has also held for other machines and equipment, with exports from Vietnam rising 54.4 percent over the period.

Even before Trump targeted China on trade, US companies had been reducing their dependence on China because of increasing production costs and elevated transport expenses compared with other Asian countries.

However, the trade dispute has sped up those moves.

Ralph Lauren Corp has “accelerated the diversification of our supply chain to mitigate the long-term impact of any potential tariff outcomes,” a spokesperson for the clothing company said, adding that tariffs have so far not hit the company’s goods.

Xcel Brands Inc, which owns Isaac Mizrahi, Judith Ripka and other fashion houses, is to cease manufacturing in China next year, a big shift from two years ago when the country was the source of 100 percent of its merchandise.

The company has moved clothes-making operations to Vietnam, Cambodia and Bangladesh, and is exploring adding capacity in Central America, Mexico and Canada.

This retooling, which was in the works prior to the tariffs, could boost profit margins, Xcel chief executive officer Robert D’Loren said.

The trade dispute with China “accelerated our sourcing diversification efforts,” he said.

A decade ago, more than 90 percent of US footwear was made in China, but today, the figure is 69 percent, said Matt Priest, president of Footwear Distributors and Retailers of America.

Yet shifting production outside of China to other Asian centers is not necessarily a panacea. Many of these countries lack the roads, airports and other vital infrastructure of the world’s second-biggest economy. And there is no guarantee that the emerging manufacturing venues will be safe from US tariffs down the road.

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