Thu, Feb 28, 2019 - Page 11 News List

Task force to take on tech

ANTITRUST FOCUS:The group of US officials and lawyers would ‘consider all options’ to unwind completed mergers if they are found to be harmful to consumers


US antitrust enforcers are zeroing in on technology giants following years of criticism that they have not done enough to rein in dominant Internet companies such as Alphabet Inc’s Google and Facebook Inc.

The US Federal Trade Commission (FTC) on Tuesday said it is creating a task force led by senior competition officials and 17 staff lawyers to investigate potentially anticompetitive conduct by technology companies.

It would also look at completed mergers in the industry that could be unwound if they turn out to be harmful to consumers.

“This industry continues to grow in importance and complexity, and it poses challenges for antitrust enforcement,” FTC Bureau of Competition Director Bruce Hoffman told reporters on a conference call.

The creation of the task force signals FTC Chairman Joe Simons’ desire to bring more scrutiny to tech giants in the US following aggressive enforcement by European antitrust officials against Google and Facebook.

A chorus of lawmakers, lawyers, economists and policy advocates have criticized the US for its mostly hands-off approach to tech markets.

“It’s hard for us to know what kind of anticompetitive behavior is going on behind the scenes,” said Charlotte Slaiman, a policy counsel for Washington-based policy organization Public Knowledge. “I hope having this extra focus on it will uncover that.”

The commission under a previous chairman in 2013 closed a 20-month antitrust investigation into whether Google unfairly skewed its search results.

The decision not to take enforcement action against the company was a blow to rivals that claimed the company’s dominance in Internet search was harming competition.

The Information Technology and Innovation Foundation, a think tank whose board includes executives of technology companies, said that the task force is not a surprise given the antitrust criticism directed at the industry.

“There’s this growing tech backlash and there’s a growing movement of what one could call the anti-monopoly left who sees any big firms as suspect,” foundation president Rob Atkinson said. “We put those two things together, and I believe there’s a real risk that the FTC could go too far here and begin to question or take actions against large technology firms simply because they’re large.”

The announcement of the task force was called a “joke” by Matt Stoller, a fellow at Open Markets Institute in Washington, which advocates for aggressive antitrust enforcement.

“They just don’t want to do anything, and they continue to put out excuse after excuse after excuse,” Stoller said about the agency. “There’s a crisis of legitimacy at the FTC.”

Maurice Stucke, who teaches antitrust law at the University of Tennessee, said he is optimistic that the task force could help the agency grapple with today’s data-driven economy, including developing tools to better understand pricing algorithms that might be used to collude and escape antitrust liability.

Hoffman said that the agency would consider all options — including a breakup or spin-off — if a merger turned out to be anticompetitive after it closed.

Although Hoffman declined to comment on specific companies or investigations, Facebook’s 2012 acquisition of Instagram and its 2014 purchase of WhatsApp are examples of mergers that critics say should not have been approved.

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