Hong Kong looks set to retain its crown as the world’s biggest initial public offering (IPO) market for the third year in a row, pipping New York, but analysts warn of a tough year ahead as market volatility continues.
Hong Kong overtook New York in 2009 to become the top venue for new listings, as a slew of companies turned to the Asian financial hub in a bid to tap China’s explosive growth and cash-rich investors.
Despite a choppy year, exacerbated by the eurozone debt crisis that saw some firms shelve or downsize their IPOs, Hong Kong is likely to have held its top spot last year, according to latest industry data.
The Hong Kong stock exchange raised about US$36 billion through new listings as of Friday, against US$31.4 billion raised in New York, according to data provider Dealogic, which tracks IPOs in major markets.
London took the third spot with US$18.1 billion, while companies raised a combined US$42.4 billion in China’s Shanghai and Shenzhen bourses.
Final official figures on IPOs, which are issued by the World Federation of Exchanges, are expected in the next few weeks.
Last year was a bumper year for Hong Kong, with big-name IPOs from Italian luxury fashion house Prada, US handbag maker Coach, luggage-maker Samsonite and Swiss commodities giant Glencore, which made the year’s biggest share sale.
More was to come with Chow Tai Fook Jewellery Co (周大福珠寶), the world’s largest jewellery chain, making its US$2 billion debut, while shares in local -second-hand handbag retailer Milan Station were more than 2,000 times oversubscribed.
However, despite the deluge of stock debuts, the funds raised fell nearly 47 percent below the US$67.9 billion harvest raised in 2010, Dealogic said.
Even worse, analysts say the knock-on effect of wider global economic problems has since ground down the value of the new shares issued.
“Overall the economy is doing poorly due to the euro debt crisis and the US economy, so the Hong Kong market and investor sentiment has also been affected,” said Philip Mok, a research analyst at Hong Kong’s Phillip Securities.
“Most of the IPOs only did well in their first few days of trading and are now trading below their IPO price,” he added.
Milan Station ended the year’s trading on Friday closing down 0.75 percent at HK$1.33, compared to its HK$1.67 IPO price. Prada closed at HK$35.15, also well below its HK$39.50 offering price.
The Hang Seng Index fell 20 percent over the year.
Analysts say the gap between last year and the previous year may not be as stark as it seems, as share sales by Asian insurer AIA and Agricultural Bank of China (中國農業銀行), raising a combined US$42.6 billion, skewed the 2010 figures.
Hong Kong’s attraction as an IPO destination can largely be traced to Beijing’s move to privatize some state-owned enterprises, although many were laden with crippling debt and questionable balance sheets.
“The larger companies in China have mostly listed and we are now seeing the second wave of mid-tier companies seeking to list,” said analyst Arjan van Veen of Credit Suisse, on the shrinking funds seen last year.
Firms that shelved plans to list in Hong Kong include Shanghai-listed China Everbright Bank (中國光大銀行), which was aiming to raise up to US$6 billion, and Australian miner Resourcehouse, which planned to raise US$3.6 billion.