At a bustling market on the north side of Moscow, shoppers are upset: After last summer’s devastating fires, staples, such as cabbage and potatoes, are suddenly pricier than the fancy new imported foods.
Booming developing world demand was already pushing up the price of basic food items when Russia was hit by a catastrophic drought that eventually forced the Kremlin to call a halt to all wheat exports last year.
However, the emergency measure provided only temporary relief, with both shoppers and analysts noting an alarming new trend developing on the shelves of stores stretching from Vladivostok in Russia’s Far East to Kaliningrad near Poland.
“Since the summer, potatoes have become unaffordable,” said 30-year-old Maria, a regular shopper at the Moscow market.
Since the middle of December, the price for a kilogram of potatoes has almost doubled from 25 rubles (US$0.85) to more than 40 rubles, leaving many shoppers shaking their heads in dismay.
Staring speculatively at a fruit and vegetable counter, pensioner Maria says she now thinks twice before making a purchase.
“Everything has gone up: sausage, meat, milk ... not to mention vegetables. It is impossible. So now I am buying fewer items,” she said.
Like Maria, many customers have trimmed their shopping lists to the dismay of vendors, who are seeing more of their favorite clients walk out of stores empty-handed.
“The customers I had who were buying two or three cartons of milk are now buying just one,” dairy produce vendor Ruben said.
However, looking at the sticker prices, Ruben admits that he is not terribly surprised.
“On average, a carton that used to cost 30 or 32 rubles two months ago now costs 37 [to] 38 rubles,” Ruben said.
However, forget fancy cheeses and healthy new yogurts. Shoppers say that the price of such basic staples as buckwheat — the simple grain that Russians eat for breakfast, lunch and dinner — has actually tripled since the summer.
Paradoxically to many Russians, a kilogram of bananas is now cheaper in most stores than a sack of potatoes — a fact that has not been lost on the higher ups in the Kremlin.
“A pack of buckwheat cost about 40 rubles last summer. Now, we sell it for 120 rubles,” supermarket assistant Lida said.
Although there are many -factors behind the food inflation, analysts point the primary blame on a record drought that saw harvests fail in 28 Russian regions, slicing 0.5 percent off the country’s GDP.
“There have been several waves of price hikes” in the wake of the weather anomaly, Alfa Bank economist Natalia Orlova said.
“It started with bread and buckwheat, and was followed by milk and now meat,” she said.
Last month alone, the price of an average consumer basket rose by 5.5 percent to 2,769 rubles, according to the Russian Federal State Statistic Service.
The situation is being compounded by accelerating demand in Asia and poor harvests in big crop-producing states — one of the many sparks that set off the recent social unrest in North Africa and the Middle East.
Although Russia is not as sensitive to the price shocks as some of the poorer Arab nations, its prices still move lockstep with those on the global market, Moscow’s Higher School of Economics analyst Sergei Aleksashenko said.
“For cereals, meat, sunflower oil, sugar, milk, Russian prices are fixed according to world prices and their dynamics,” he said.