Taipei Times: Foreign investors have been actively investing in local financial institutions this year. What policies and measures has the Financial Supervisory Commission taken to deal with this matter?
We welcome any interested foreign buyers, whether they are international banks that can bring in know-how and expertise or private equity funds whose capital injection can help improve the financial structure of local banks.
We have met and talked with some of the heads of interested foreign banks. We are very willing to offer assistance like we did in facilitating Standard Chartered Bank's buyout of Hsinchu International Bank (
We would continue to play the role of a facilitator when foreign investors want to invest in or acquire Taiwanese lenders in line with the market's mechanisms. Based on the principle of national treatment, international investors are subject to the same financial supervision as their local rivals.
TT: What is your optimal ratio in terms of foreign investment in the local financial market?
Shih: We don't have an exact figure for the optimal foreign investment ratio. Foreign investment in the domestic financial market currently amounts to around NT$90 billion (US$2.7 billion), accounting for more than 5 percent of local banks' assets which total NT$1.7 trillion. The [foreign investment] ratio is not that high.
But if the ratio shoots up to, say 95 percent, that will be too high. We also have to value what kind of impact -- positive or negative -- the increase of foreign investment will have on employment and profitability.
TT: You said you support consolidation of the financial sector but oppose monopoly and oligopoly, can you elaborate?
Shih: If fragmentation and monopoly/oligopoly are on the opposite sides of the spectrum, I prefer somewhere inbetween. For example, if the combined market share of the top four players reaches 95 percent, that is too high and dense. On the other hand, if the combined share is a low 40 percent, that is indicative of a heavily fragmented market.
The combined market share of Taiwan's top five lenders, including Bank of Taiwan (
I hope to see more banks enjoy an individual market share exceeding 10 percent and that at least one Taiwanese bank can squeeze into the world's top 100. But this must be achieved in line with market mechanisms.
Second-stage financial reform which originally aimed at achieving a limited number of banks within a specific timeframe has led to a number of problems and demonstrates such measures impracticable.
TT: Any plans to introduce foreign investment into less-efficient state banks while relieving their concern over policy uncertainty?
Shih: The Ministry of Finance has hammered out a scheme to introduce qualified foreign investors with decent credit ratings in future disposal of state holdings. Merging state banks and revamping [their operations] by hiring professional managers is another solution. The merger between Bank of Taiwan and the Central Trust of China is a case worth observing. However, during the course of the disposal of state holdings, the government needs to keep its word so that state holdings can run smoothly without disputes.