Mon, Nov 21, 2005 - Page 11 News List

Mystery surrounds alleged losses of Chinese copper-trader Liu Qibing


This much is true in the copper market: Prices are at record highs, and there is a Chinese trader named Liu Qibing (劉啟斌).

Swirling around those two certainties are rumors and innuendo that have buffeted a market already prone to fluctuating on whispers, let alone fact.

Did Liu, a trader for China's State Reserve Bureau, make wrong-footed bets that copper prices would fall? Some traders and brokers believe it, and they estimate covering Liu's "short" positions -- in which a trader borrows a commodity and then sells it with the hope of buying it at a lower price and then returning it -- could cost the bureau hundreds of millions of dollars.

Or did China execute a commodities-trading head fake, driving up the price so it could sell stockpiles of copper at a greater profit, as some other traders believe?

And is Liu missing, as several reports have said, or is he about to be promoted?


The wide disparities in the reports about Liu, which surfaced at the beginning of the week, highlight how little factual information is available for the market. But that has not stopped people from buying copper.

In London, contracts for delivery in three months rose US$55, or 1.3 percent, to US$4,200 a metric ton after reaching a record US$4,243. In New York, copper for delivery next month rose 3.2 cents, or 1.6 percent, to US$1.978 a pound, the seventh consecutive record.

The normally tight-lipped officials responsible for overseeing China's commodity trading appeared to try to clear things up this week and started to make public statements about the country's copper stockpiles and Liu. But some traders and other market participants say this is further confusing the issue, because they suspect that the Chinese are supplying false information in a deliberate attempt to move prices.

The government-controlled China Daily identified Liu on Thursday as the import division chief of the National Control Center for the Reserve Bureau, which manages China's commodities reserves, and said he had built a "massive short position" in copper. Liu sold short 110,000 to 220,000 tonnes of copper, which need to be delivered to London Metal Exchange warehouses by Dec. 21, the paper said. By comparison, the current inventory of the exchange's warehouses is about 140,000 tonnes. Liu acted alone, the paper said, and the government is not responsible for his actions. Maqsood Ahmed, an analyst at Calyon Global Trading in London, is one of several market participants who do not accept the report as the full truth. Like many others in London, he has heard that Liu will return to his job next week at a higher level. Ahmed thinks that Liu may have executed the "greatest bluff of all time" by driving prices up.

"The whole thing about a short position is a smoke screen" to keep prices high so the Chinese can unload their considerable stockpiles of copper, amassed in recent years, at peak prices, Ahmed asserts. The State Reserve Bureau declined to comment about Liu's whereabouts, the short position or the amount of copper it may have stockpiled.

Ahmed, who has been an outspoken critic of copper's high prices in recent months, was quick to add that his theory could be wrong. In fact, the only thing most market participants in London say they are sure of is that they do not know precisely where China stands in the market.

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