First came the warning: a sheet of paper stuck to the door of Na'aman Khalil's shop ordering him to close his off-license. \n"You are corrupting the people of the Earth and you should stop," said the message, signed by a group calling itself the Monotheistic Movement of Jihad. \nFive days later, a parcel of and gutting the shop. Four other alcohol stores along the same street in Baghdad's largely Christian al-Ghadir district were bombed that same night. \nNo one was injured, but the message was clear. After the bombings and a spate of other attacks across Baghdad, most of the city's alcohol shops closed. \n"They have achieved their aim. Whatever they wanted, they have got it," said Khalil, 24, who says the bombing cost him 7 million dinars in destroyed stock. "If I open the shop again I don't know what action they would take. Probably they would kill me." \nThere have been no arrests, but police and many Iraqis blame the attacks and explosions on supporters of Moqtada al-Sadr, a radical Shiite cleric. \nA few days before the warning letter arrived, several of al-Sadr's followers met around 30 Shiite tribal leaders in the al-Hekma mosque in Sadr City, the slum area in eastern Baghdad which forms the cleric's powerbase. \nThey produced an edict in which they listed nine crimes punishable by death. These included theft, kidnapping, robbery, spying "for the Wahabis, al-Qaeda and Saddamists," trafficking in women, and selling alcohol, pornographic CDs and drugs. \nThe edict, it states, was drawn up because of the "critical and sorrowful situation and lack of security and to serve the common good." Most of the tribal leaders who signed were from Amara, Kut and Nasiriyah, towns in southern Iraq where a Shiite uprising in April was strongest. \n"After the end of the dispute between our army and the Americans, our army is working on stability and controlling the looters and other violent groups," said Sheikh Raed al-Kadhimi, one of al-Sadr's aides in Baghdad. He boasted of a number of checkpoints and patrols in Sadr City, and said one had captured several hundred tonnes of stolen sugar, which he said were returned to the government. \nThe movement, made up largely of young, unemployed urban men, has easily moved into the power vacuum left by the absence of properly trained and equipped Iraqi police and security forces. \n"Neither the government nor the police are controlling the situation," said al-Kadhimi. "The al-Sadr tide is the only active tide in the country." \nMuch of the movement's strength is in its organization. The group has its own religious police, the al-Amur bil Ma'arouf, or Promotion of Virtue. \nThey have divided Baghdad into three areas: east, west and the central Kadhimiya area, home to the biggest Shiite shrine in the city. Each area has its own unit. In Kadhimiya it numbers around 40; in the eastern sector, around Sadr City, it is at least 100 according to Sayed Adnan al-Safi, an al-Sadr official and editor of one of the movement's newspapers. \n"In Kadhimiya we have minimized and controlled places where alcohol is sold. We have controlled the sale of immoral CDs and we have stopped fraud," said al-Safi. "People have begun to understand and are co-operating with us to control the general violence. We are not issuing any punishments ourselves, otherwise we would be considered a state within a state. We pass cases on to the police for punishment." \nThere is little doubt that the movement is about more than controlling crime. In the past week al-Sadr's followers have proselytized among Iraq's minority faiths. A group of them delivered a video of speeches by al-Sadr to the Armenian Orthodox church in Baghdad. A priest, who asked not to be named, said the speeches criticized the Christian faith. \n"We have been living in Iraq for 100 years and have never had a problem between Muslim and Christian," he said.
Tall, thin and brightly colored, Hanoi’s “tube houses” dominate the city’s streets as 9 million people compete for space in Vietnam’s bustling capital. Although Vietnam saw a number of villas and garden houses built during the French colonial period, Hanoi has few of these grand residential homes. Instead, tree-lined streets are packed with dwellings that are barely 4m wide, but are three times that in depth. Typically, a tube house might be home to a family of four, but two or three generations of relatives sometimes have to jostle for space. The first tube houses — known as nha ong in Vietnamese — are
The head of the Philippine military on Monday visited a coral-fringed island his country occupies in the South China Sea, a move that could stoke already heightened tensions between Manila and Beijing in disputed waters claimed by both countries. During the visit, Philippine Armed Forces Lieutenant General Cirilito Sobejana commended service members for the role they played in protecting the island’s residents and “guarding the country’s territories” in the strategic waterway. The visit comes after diplomatic protests made by the Philippines in the past few months over what it says is the illegal presence of hundreds of “Chinese maritime militia” vessels inside
‘WITHIN SAFE LIMITS’: Hong Kong is to ask authorities in Guangdong for updates regarding the Taishan Nuclear Power Plant and inform the public of developments The Hong Kong government is closely watching a nearby Chinese nuclear power plant following a news report that it might be leaking, Hong Kong Chief Executive Carrie Lam (林鄭月娥) said yesterday. The plant’s operators have released few details, but nuclear experts have said that based on their brief public statement, the facility might be suffering a leak of gas from fuel rods inside a reactor. Government data showed that radiation levels in Hong Kong were normal on Monday night, Lam said. Data from the Hong Kong Observatory showed radiation levels were still normal yesterday. A French company that helps manage the Taishan Nuclear
Maori might have been the first to discover Antarctica, with connections to the icy continent and its surrounding oceans stretching back to the seventh century, researchers say. A new paper by University of Otago combines literature and oral histories, and concludes that Maori were likely the first people to explore Antarctica’s surrounding waters and possibly the continent in the distance. They write that Maori and Polynesian journeys to the deep south have been occurring for a long time, perhaps as far back as the 7th century, and are recorded in a variety of oral traditions. The oral histories of Maori groups Ngti Rrua