As summer comes to an end, do you pack away your sunscreen with the rest of your summer gear, convinced that its role is finished for the year? While many people assume sunscreen is a shield only needed on hot beach days and sweltering afternoons, the reality is quite different. Our skin requires protection from the sun not only in the summer heat, but also during winter’s chill.
There’s no denying that a moderate amount of sunlight improves our health. However, beneficial as the sun can be, it gives off two types of harmful ultraviolet (UV) rays — UVA and UVB. While UVB rays vary with the seasons, UVA rays, comprising 95 percent of the sun’s radiation, are constant companions throughout the year. These rays penetrate clouds, fog and windows, making no exception even on the gloomiest winter days.
Excessive or prolonged exposure to these harmful rays can damage our skin cells’ DNA. This could speed up skin aging, which manifests itself as fine lines and wrinkles. It also increases the risk of skin cancer. The skincare steps we take today lay the foundation for our future health.
Photo: Freepik / 照片：Freepik
So, how can we protect our skin? While our layered winter outfits partially block UV rays, we must go further. Regular application of sunscreen, even on cloudy days, remains an essential habit if you’re planning to be outside for an extended period. Don’t forget your sunglasses, either. They prevent harmful rays from reaching your eyes. Plus, if you’re planning a snowy adventure, beware. Snow can reflect up to 80 percent of UV rays, nearly doubling our exposure.
Our quest for skin protection doesn’t take a break after summer. Armed with the right knowledge and reasonable precautions, we can enjoy every season without compromising our skin health. Instead of a seasonal routine, let’s make sun protection a year-round commitment.
不可否認，適量的陽光有助於我們的健康。然而，儘管太陽是有益的，但它也散發出兩種有害的紫外線—UVA和UVB。雖然 UVB 紫外線會隨著季節而有所變化，但占太陽輻射量 95% 的 UVA 紫外線卻一年到頭都是我們的常伴。這些紫外線會穿透雲層、霧氣和窗戶，即便在冬天最陰暗的日子也不破例。
那麼，我們該如何保護皮膚呢？雖然我們多層次的冬季穿著會在部分程度上阻隔紫外線，但我們必須更進一步。如果你計劃長時間在室外活動，即使在多雲的日子裡，定期塗抹防曬乳仍是必要的習慣。也別忘記你的太陽眼鏡。它們可以防止有害的紫外線進入你的眼睛。此外，如果你計劃進行雪地冒險就得當心了。雪可以反射高達 80% 的紫外線，使我們的紫外線暴露量幾乎增加了一倍。
sunscreen n. 防曬乳
sweltering adj. 酷熱難耐的
ultraviolet adj. 紫外線的
comprise vt. 構成；包含
radiation n. 輻射
fine adj. 纖細的；細微的
wrinkle n. 皺紋
outfit n. 全套服裝
quest n. 追求；探索
1. shield n. 防護物；盾牌
The thick walls of the castle served as a shield during the enemy’s attack.
2. moderate adj. 適度的；中等程度的
Doctors often tell their patients to get 30 minutes of moderate exercise each day.
3. penetrate v. 穿透；滲透
The new radar technology can penetrate dense fog and detect objects from a long distance.
4. gloomy adj. 陰暗的；陰沉的
The nurse walked up and down the hospital’s gloomy hallways, keeping an eye on her patients during the night.
5. manifest vt. 顯示；表現
The results of the last election manifested a sudden change in voting behavior.
6. partially adv. 部分地；局部地
Liz left her bedroom door partially open so the cat could come and go during the night.
7. beware v. 當心；提防
Tourists who go to this city need to beware of thieves. 前往這座城市的遊客需要提防小偷。
8. precaution n. 預防（措施）
Wearing a seatbelt is a necessary safety precaution while driving. 開車時繫安全帶是必要的安全預防措施。
9. compromise v. 損害；危及；妥協
You may compromise the security of your computer if you carelessly click on a suspicious link.
A very popular dish at Taiwanese night markets for generations has been the oyster omelet, with its soft sticky texture and slightly crispy edge. In Taiwan, this dish is often pronounced in Taiwanese Hokkien as o-a-tsian, which literally means “oyster fried.” One unique feature of the language is that a dish is often named by saying its major ingredients first, followed by the method used to cook it. 蚵仔煎是台灣流傳好幾代的夜市美食，口感軟黏，邊緣微脆，在台灣多半以台語念做o-a-tsian，意思為「牡蠣煎」。這是台語獨特的語法，命名時會將食材的名字加上烹飪的動詞，就成了菜餚的名字。 omelet (n.) 煎蛋餅（英式拼法為 omelette） sticky (adj.) 黏黏的 texture (n.) 口感，質地 ingredient (n.) 食材 An oyster omelet is made by frying oysters, eggs and vegetables, then pouring a sweet potato starch
Dry ice is a remarkable substance with many versatile uses. It might look like a simple block of white-colored ice, but this could not be further from the truth. While regular ice is the solid form of water or H2O, dry ice is the solid state of carbon dioxide or CO2. Temperatures must be incredibly low to freeze carbon dioxide gas into a solid form. This unique property makes dry ice ideal for tasks such as flash-freezing produce, keeping foods cold during transit and even removing moles from people’s skin. One of the most notable physical characteristics of dry ice is
Every year, mammals, birds, fish and insects make epic migrations between habitats. The humpback whale, famously, can travel 5,000 miles in a trip. But because these animals cross national borders and frequently congregate at predictable way stops, they are uniquely vulnerable to human predation, pollution and habitat loss. As a result, one in five migratory species is at risk of extinction, according to a new report by the United Nations. State of the World’s Migratory Species is a first-ever global survey focused solely on migratory species. The key findings are grim. Of the roughly 1,200 species already listed and protected under the
The latest social media app to spread like wildfire among young people is TikTok. This app works by people creating and sharing short videos that usually last under a minute. The videos posted often cover various topics like dance challenges, fashion trends, prank videos, or even news updates. While this might seem like just another harmless social media app, new research shows that TikTok can negatively affect people’s attention spans. Some studies have recently discovered that apps like TikTok affect people’s brains. Specifically, it has altered how our brains release dopamine. Dopamine is often called the “feel-good” hormone because