Honey is found in kitchens all around the world. This naturally sweet substance can be used in all sorts of dishes, sauces, and drinks. It makes a simple, tasty topping on everything from toast to ice cream or even fried chicken. Honey is also said to be healthier than most common sweeteners. It even has some medicinal properties and helps treat coughing and sore throats.
According to scientific research, honeybees began producing honey over 120 million years ago. The first honeybees evolved from predatory wasps that adapted to a new diet of pollen and nectar from flowers. Today, there are seven species of honeybees, with most found exclusively in Asia. In contrast, the western honeybee populates every continent except Antarctica. These seven species are responsible for over 300 different kinds of honey, each of which varies in flavor depending on the plants that are used for nectar.
Interestingly, honey is a product of a bee’s special honey stomach, which is different from its regular stomach. A bee’s honey stomach stores and processes nectar. The type of bees known as foragers are responsible for gathering nectar for the colony. A single bee will likely visit over 200 different flowers in a single day. To make a single kilogram of honey, it will take over 40,000 loads of nectar.
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Once a forager has a full load of nectar in its stomach, it returns to the hive and spits up the gooey liquid. Another type of bee called a worker bee will then suck it up and carry it to the honeycomb. There, it will be dried out and stored under a wax coating produced by the worker bees. Depending on the source of nectar, honey may be watery or nearly solid. Honey can come in a wide range of flavors, with some rare varieties being especially prized and expensive.
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Words in Use
1. substance n. 物質
Rubber is a very useful substance.
2. medicinal a. 有藥效的，有療效的
Some people are trying to legalize marijuana for medicinal use.
3. property n. 特性
Green tea is beneficial to your health because it has many cancer-fighting properties.
4. evolve vi. 演化
evolve from... 從……演化而成
Biologists think that birds evolved from reptiles.
5. predatory a. 獵捕的，食肉的
The predatory lioness stalked her prey.
1. adapt (oneself) to N/V-ing 適應於……
adapt vi. & vt. （使）適應
I find it hard to adapt to the hustle and bustle of city life.
2. In contrast, ... 相比之下，相較之下
Ben is very friendly. In contrast, his brother is mean.
3. vary in... 在……（方面）有所不同
vary vi. 相異
The rings vary in size and color, so take your time and pick out the one you like.
4. depending on... 視∕按照……而定（作片語介詞用）
Weather in this desert ranges from hot to cold depending on the time of day.
5. spit up... 嘔出……
My cat occasionally spits up hairballs around my house.
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