Artificial sweeteners may not help people lose weight, the World Health Organization said in new guidelines that warn against products like diet sodas.
The WHO’s advice is based on a scientific review that found products containing aspartame and stevia — often marketed as diet foods — likely do not help reduce body fat in the long term.
“People should reduce the sweetness of the diet altogether,” Francesco Branca, WHO director for nutrition and food safety, said Monday last week.
Photo: Wikimedia Commons 照片：維基共享資源
Artificial sweeteners were also linked with higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, as well as of dying, according to the WHO.
The new guidance applies to all non-sugar sweeteners, including stevia derivatives and sucralose. Such products have become widely used and are commonly added to processed foods and beverages, like diet soda, or sold on their own.
Photo: Pixabay 照片：Pixabay
Artificial sweeteners “are not essential dietary factors and have no nutritional value,” Branca said. They are also often used to replace sugar in highly processed foods and drinks, and therefore may encourage low-quality diets.
Popular consumer products like Diet Coke and Diet Snapple, rebranded last year to Zero Sugar Snapple, contain aspartame. Keurig Dr Pepper Inc, the maker of Snapple, did not immediately respond to a request for comment. The Coca-Cola Co referred Bloomberg to a statement from the Calorie Control Council that called artificial sweeteners “a critical tool that can help consumers manage body weight and reduce the risk of non-communicable diseases.”
The International Sweeteners Association, another industry group, said in a statement that it is “disappointed that the WHO’s conclusions are largely based on low-certainty evidence from observational studies.” Observational studies often do not have safeguards like comparison groups, which can introduce bias into findings.
The new recommendation applies to everyone except those who already have diabetes, the WHO said. The agency issued a draft guideline against sweeteners in July last year, and opened it up to public consultation.
The WHO has previously advised adults and kids to limit their sugar intake to 10 percent of total energy consumption, highlighting the connection between lower sugar intake and lower body weight.
受歡迎的消費產品，如健怡可樂與健怡思樂寶飲品（去年更名為零糖思樂寶飲品），含有阿斯巴甜。面對詢問，思樂寶製造商克里胡椒博士公司（Keurig Dr Pepper Inc.）並未立即做出回應。可口可樂公司則向彭博社提供了「卡路里控制協會」的一份聲明，該聲明說人工甜味劑是「可幫助消費者控制體重與降低非傳染性疾病風險之重要工具」。
A request by the World Health Organization (WHO) for more information on a surge in respiratory illnesses and clusters of pneumonia in children in China has attracted global attention. Health authorities have not detected any unusual or novel pathogens, the WHO later said, and doctors and public health researchers say there is no reason for international alarm. Authorities in Taiwan, however, last week advised the elderly, very young and those with poor immunity to avoid travel to China. The following is what we know about the surge in illness in the world’s second most populous country so far, and why experts think there
限水與限電是近年來辦公室有時需要面對的問題，當碰上這樣的狀況，該如何發出公告讓團隊隨之調整應對方式呢？我們一起來看看。 ★Part 2 continued from last Sunday（延續自上週日）: https://www.taipeitimes.com/News/lang Water Rationing Scheduled for Next Tuesday (20231024): We would like to bring to your attention that there will be water rationing in our office premises next Tuesday, from 0800 to 1900. This will affect our water supply throughout the day. Please take note and make necessary preparations. Rationing 管控 不管是水或是電(power)，限制的動詞都是使用rationing，原本ration的意思是理性，所以當我們用理性來使用資源，就成了限水或限電了。 Our company is rationing paper supplies due to recent supply chain disruptions. 我們的公司由於最近的供應鏈中斷而在配給紙張供應。 The IT department is rationing printer ink this month. IT部門本月正在配給印表機墨水。 Premise(s) 場所 附近的場所就用此字，戰爭片也常常用這個字來表示確保周圍場域安全，因為表示的是周圍的場域，所以通常會使用複數。 All employees must show their ID cards before entering the premises. 所有員工在進入場所之前都必須出示其身份證。 We are planning to expand our business premises next year. 我們計劃明年擴大我們的業務場所。 Preparation 準備 動詞是prepare，名詞則是preparation，通常搭配動詞片語為make/start preparations，因為需要準備的事物大抵上不會只有一項，故常用複數。 Preparations for
Have you ever wondered about the odd name “eggplant” or heard of its bizarre nickname, the “mad apple”? The tales behind these names are just as unusual as the vegetable’s appearance. The name “eggplant” dates back to the 18th century. It wasn’t inspired by the familiar long, purple type we often see and enjoy in Taiwan. Instead, it was a unique variety, which was small, egg-shaped and white, that earned it its name. While the British were in India, this particular form caught their attention. It prompted them to adopt the term “eggplant.” Even though new eggplant varieties in
Having a toothache 牙齒痛 Maggie: I have a toothache, so I have to go to the dentist. Jennifer: You mustn’t eat too much dessert, especially doughnutsand chocolate cakes. Maggie: Yes, I think so, too. I need to go to the drugstore first. Jennifer: I forgot how terrifying it was to visit the dentist last time. Maggie: By the way, do you want to go to the fast food restaurantwith me next Friday night? Jennifer: Sure. Wait until your tooth stops hurting. 必備單字 1. dentist [ˋdɛntɪst] 牙醫(n) （國中基礎1200字） 2. dessert [dɪˋzɝt] 甜點(n) （國中基礎1200字） 3. doughnut [ ˈdəʊˌnʌt ] 甜甜圈(n) （國中基礎1200字） 4. drugstore [ˋdrʌgstor] 藥局(n) （國中基礎1200字） 5. especially [ɪˈspeʃəli] 特別、尤其、格外(adv) （國中基礎1200字） 6. fast food restaurant [ˋfæst