Human hair comes in various sizes, lengths, colors, and textures. Some people grow long, straight hair, while others have hair that is curly and short. However, there is one group of people known for having hair that shares particular characteristics.
A defining trait of people with African ancestry is having a head of thick hair that grows in tight coils. While features such as curls or thickness are found in people all around the world, it is the combination of these two traits that makes Africans relatively unique.
However, thick and curly hair is actually quite fragile. The scalp produces natural oil called sebum, which keeps our hair healthy. The tight curls on African people’s hair make it hard for the oil to spread evenly. Thus, hair strands become dry and more brittle.
Photo courtesy of Shutterstock / 照片：Shutterstock提供
You might be wondering why people of African descent have such unique hair. The answer to this is all related to the hair follicle. A hair follicle is a tube-like structure (pore) in the top two layers of the skin that hair grows out of. The size, shape, and texture of a person’s hair are wholly determined by their hair follicles. For example, the larger the hair follicles, the thicker a person’s hair. Hair follicles with perfectly round openings produce straight hair. The more oblong the openings of the hair follicles are, the curlier the hair will be. Thus, African people tend to have large hair follicles with very flat, elliptical openings.
Regardless of whether a person has hair that’s short, long, curly, or straight, we can all admire the beauty in the diversity of hair around the world.
Photo courtesy of Shutterstock / 照片：Shutterstock提供
What Did You Learn?
1. Which are the hair characteristics associated with people of African descent?
(A) Long and thin hair. (B) Thick and curly hair.
(C) Thin and light-colored hair. (D) Long and dark-colored hair.
2. According to the passage, what are hair follicles?
(A) They are oils that coat hair.
(B) They are the pores that cause hair to grow.
(C) They are the organs that hair grows out of on the skin.
(D) They are the hormones that determine the color of hair.
答案：1. (B) 2. (C)
Words in Use
1. texture n. 質地，質感
The texture of my hair has greatly improved since I started using this brand of shampoo.
2. curly a. 捲曲的
curl n. 捲髮
My curly hair tangles whenever there’s wind.
Seeing Hanna’s stylish tight curls, other girls in class wanted to follow suit.
3. characteristic n. 特徵，特色
Two of Charlie’s distinctive characteristics are his optimism and perseverance.
4. defining a. 決定性的，關鍵的
The singing contest has come to a defining moment; the judges have to decide the winner.
5. trait n. (個人的)特徵∕特質
One of the traits Debbie got from her mother is her beautiful blue eyes.
1. come in. . .
The shoes in Bill’s store come in many colors and sizes.
2. make it + N/Adj. + for sb/sth + to
My motorcycle makes it easier for me to travel between school and my home.
3. be determined by. . .
The price of fresh seafood is determined by the fishermen.
A festive time of light 元宵佳節知多少 Occurring on the 15th day of the initial month of the Lunar New Year, when the first full moon appears, the Lantern Festival is a festive time that continues the good cheer and celebration sparked by Chinese New Year. It also simultaneously marks the end of that annual event. It’s a time when lanterns and other colorful lights and decorations adorn stores, businesses, and streets in Chinese communities around the globe. Aside from honoring ancestors, the festival is also meant to foster peace, forgiveness, and harmony. Lantern displays are the center of attention during the Lantern Festival in Taiwan. Parks across
Eating glutinous rice balls during the Lantern Festival Lunar New Year celebrations traditionally conclude with the Lantern Festival, which is on the 15th day of the first lunar month. With every household decorated with lanterns and streamers, the Lantern Festival can be seen as an extended New Year celebration. Lighting lanterns during the Lantern Festival can be traced to the Western Han Dynasty in China. The 15th day of the first lunar month is the first full moon of the year, and has the significance of a new start. People light lanterns to pray for a bumper harvest in the coming
你叫什麼名字？ What’s your name? 對話 Dialogue 馬可：你好！你叫什麼名字？ Make: Nǐ hǎo! Nǐ jiào shénme míngzi? 小實：我叫小實，你呢？ Xiaoshi: Wǒ jiào Xiǎoshí, nǐ ne? 馬可：我叫馬可。 Make: Wǒ jiào Mǎkě. 小實：馬可，你是美國人嗎？ Xiaoshi: Mǎkě, nǐ shì Měiguó rén ma? 馬可：我是美國人，你也是美國人嗎？ Make: Wǒ shì Měiguó rén, nǐ yěshì Měiguó rén ma? 小實：不是，我是臺灣人。很高興認識你。 Xiaoshi: Búshì, wǒ shì Táiwān rén. Hěn gāoxìng rènshì nǐ. 馬可：我也很高興認識你。 Make: Wǒ yě hěn gāoxìng rènshì nǐ. 翻譯 Translation Mark: Hello! What’s your name? Xiaoshi: My name is Xiaoshi, and you? Mark: My name is Mark. Xiaoshi: Mark, are you American? Mark: Yes, I am. Are you American too? Xiaoshi: No, I’m Taiwanese. Nice to meet you. Mark: Nice to meet you too. 單字片語 Vocabulary 1. 叫(jiào) to be called 2. 什麼 (shénme) what 3. 呢 (ne) a (question)
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