It’s Thanksgiving time in the US. This involves the traditional Thanksgiving dinner, which includes a freshly cooked turkey. But what is a turkey? And why does it share a name with the country Turkey, despite being native to North America? It seems like the appropriate1time to get to the bottom of these burning questions!
The story starts with the guinea fowl, a bird from West Africa. Apparently, these birds started showing up in England in the 1500s, and the English didn’t know what to call them. They arrived from Turkey through spice trade routes, so the English called them “turkey-cocks” or “turkey-hens.”
Meanwhile, in 1526, actual turkeys started to arrive in England from North America, and the English misunderstood them to be the same type of animal. Once people figured out that the two were different species, they used the shortened name “turkey” to refer to the American bird.
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That’s not the end of the story, though! In other languages, the name for this bird has translations that are equally puzzling. For example, in Turkey, its name means “(the bird) from India.” The Greek name means “French chicken,” and the Portuguese name is “Peru.”
But as Shakespeare wrote, “What’s in a name?” No matter what we call them, these peculiar animals have earned a place in our hearts, not to mention our stomachs. Happy Thanksgiving!
1. appropriate adj. 適當的；合適的
Vince and Yvette went shopping for an appropriate wedding gift for their friends.
2. apparently adv. 據說；看來
Jamal just called. Apparently, they’re having some problems at the factory.
3. misunderstand vt. 誤解；誤會
Please don’t misunderstand me. I’m not upset with you, I’m just too tired to go out tonight.
4. species n. 物種（單複數同形）
This species has adapted to the extreme conditions of the area’s harsh climate.
5. shorten v.（使）變短；縮短
The pants fit around her waist but they were a bit too long, so Sally had them shortened.
6. peculiar adj. 奇特的；奇怪的
Danny has a peculiar eating habit; he has to scratch his chin before every meal.
7. not to mention 更不用說；此外
I don’t want to go to the beach. It’ll be crowded, not to mention the
fact that it might rain.
Eating glutinous rice balls during the Lantern Festival Lunar New Year celebrations traditionally conclude with the Lantern Festival, which is on the 15th day of the first lunar month. With every household decorated with lanterns and streamers, the Lantern Festival can be seen as an extended New Year celebration. Lighting lanterns during the Lantern Festival can be traced to the Western Han Dynasty in China. The 15th day of the first lunar month is the first full moon of the year, and has the significance of a new start. People light lanterns to pray for a bumper harvest in the coming
A festive time of light 元宵佳節知多少 Occurring on the 15th day of the initial month of the Lunar New Year, when the first full moon appears, the Lantern Festival is a festive time that continues the good cheer and celebration sparked by Chinese New Year. It also simultaneously marks the end of that annual event. It’s a time when lanterns and other colorful lights and decorations adorn stores, businesses, and streets in Chinese communities around the globe. Aside from honoring ancestors, the festival is also meant to foster peace, forgiveness, and harmony. Lantern displays are the center of attention during the Lantern Festival in Taiwan. Parks across
你叫什麼名字？ What’s your name? 對話 Dialogue 馬可：你好！你叫什麼名字？ Make: Nǐ hǎo! Nǐ jiào shénme míngzi? 小實：我叫小實，你呢？ Xiaoshi: Wǒ jiào Xiǎoshí, nǐ ne? 馬可：我叫馬可。 Make: Wǒ jiào Mǎkě. 小實：馬可，你是美國人嗎？ Xiaoshi: Mǎkě, nǐ shì Měiguó rén ma? 馬可：我是美國人，你也是美國人嗎？ Make: Wǒ shì Měiguó rén, nǐ yěshì Měiguó rén ma? 小實：不是，我是臺灣人。很高興認識你。 Xiaoshi: Búshì, wǒ shì Táiwān rén. Hěn gāoxìng rènshì nǐ. 馬可：我也很高興認識你。 Make: Wǒ yě hěn gāoxìng rènshì nǐ. 翻譯 Translation Mark: Hello! What’s your name? Xiaoshi: My name is Xiaoshi, and you? Mark: My name is Mark. Xiaoshi: Mark, are you American? Mark: Yes, I am. Are you American too? Xiaoshi: No, I’m Taiwanese. Nice to meet you. Mark: Nice to meet you too. 單字片語 Vocabulary 1. 叫(jiào) to be called 2. 什麼 (shénme) what 3. 呢 (ne) a (question)
The US state of Colorado is renowned as a destination for outdoor activities. The impressive Rocky Mountains, which cut through the state, are the focus of these pastimes, which include hiking and climbing. In Ouray, a town in southwestern Colorado, “ice climbing” is at the center of winter festivities. Every January since 1996, the town has held the Ouray Ice Festival. Its goal is to expose more people to the thrill of ice climbing. The site of this exciting event is the Ouray Ice Park. The park, which fills a river gorge, features over a hundred different routes where expert ice