In March 2022, Kevin Berling won a US$450,000 lawsuit against his former company for throwing him a birthday party. It seems silly when phrased this way, but the events leading to the lawsuit deeply distressed Berling. In August 2019, he asked his company not to throw a party for his birthday. Berling has an anxiety disorder and knew the party could trigger his symptoms.
However, the party occurred anyway, and Berling suffered a panic attack and had to leave. Later, his managers called him into a meeting and criticized him. Berling spiraled into another panic attack, and his coworkers walked out after perceiving his behavior as “enraged” and “possibly about to get violent.” Berling was fired not long after, and he later sued for discrimination and emotional distress.
Though mental illnesses are often made light of, anxiety disorders like Berling’s are no joke. Anxiety can leave people in “fight-or-flight” mode constantly, making any stressor a potential trigger for a panic attack. These may include physical symptoms like a rapid heart rate, shortness of breath, trembling, and muscle tension. Feelings of danger, fear of dying, and even detachment from reality are all possible mental symptoms.
Photo courtesy of Freepik / 照片：Freepik提供
Panic attacks can be terrifying to experience and concerning for outside observers. However, they don’t mean the person is violent, and those who suffer from panic attacks often have strategies to prevent and cope with them. It’s important for others to listen to and respect those with mental illness, and to learn what we can do to help and not hinder their recovery.
spiral vi. 急遽惡化
enraged adj. 憤怒的；激怒的
fight-or-flight adj 戰鬥或逃跑的
stressor n. 壓力源
detachment n. 分離；淡漠
hinder vt. 阻礙；妨礙
be no laughing matter 必須嚴肅看待；絕非鬧著玩的
make light of 輕視；忽視
1. lawsuit n. 訴訟
sue v. 提出訴訟；控告
Melissa brought a lawsuit against her employers for the unfair way they had treated her when she got pregnant.
2. distress vt. 使焦慮；使煩亂
Every time Helga watches the news, I can see how much it distresses her.
3. trigger v. 觸發；引起 & n.（觸發之）事件；情況
The sound of breaking glass triggered a memory of last year’s big storm for me.
? Afterward, the teachers learned that the trigger for the fight had been one student’s theft of another’s lunch.
4. discrimination n. 歧視
Many disabled people suffer discrimination when applying for jobs.
5. potential adj. 潛在的；可能的
The insurance salesman is always on the lookout for potential clients.
6. tremble vi. 顫抖；發抖
As the thunder crashed and the wind howled, Ali’s dog hid under the table and trembled in fear.
7. tension n. 緊繃；張力；緊張（狀態）
Tie the ropes tightly to maintain proper tension in the sails; otherwise our boat won’t move in the wind!
8. concerning adj. 令人擔憂的
Kanye’s recent behavior at school has been concerning, so we called this meeting to ask if everything is OK at home.
9. recovery n. 康復、復原
Lee suffered a serious injury, so his recovery will probably be very slow.
According to legends, Cheng Cheng-kung (also known as Koxinga) is said to be associated with another Taiwanese food — milkfish. When Cheng was fighting the Dutch who were stationed at their fort named Fort Zeelandia, they lacked supplies and food, and couldn’t catch any fish to eat. As he worried about running out of food, one night, the sea goddess Matsu appeared in his dream and said, “Don’t say no fish. (Mo-shuo-mo-yu) There are fish in the sea near where your navy is at anchor.” 據說鄭成功還與另一道台灣美食有關—虱目魚。當鄭成功與堅守在熱蘭遮堡的荷蘭人交戰時，軍隊缺乏補給，無糧可食，也捕不到魚可吃。正當為食物發愁時，一天夜裡媽祖在他夢中指點：「莫說無魚。你的水師駐紮的海邊就有魚。」 station (v.) 駐紮 Fort Zeelandia (n.) 熱蘭遮堡，遺址位於現今的安平古堡內。 goddess (n.) 女神 The next day, Cheng
Translation can be a tricky business. Some words and expressions have a clear equivalent in another language, but others just don’t translate easily. Here are a few Chinese ones with cultural connotations that make them hard to express simply in English. Ji? You Literally, this means “add oil,” but this phrase is frequently used as encouragement. Depending on the context, the expression can also be used to cheer people up after a disappointment, or wish people good luck. In English, each of these situations has its own saying. Xiao Shun Your parents will approve of this phrase. The plain translation is simply “filial”—
Greece has become the first majority-Orthodox Christian nation to legalize same-sex marriage under civil law. At least for the near future, it will almost certainly be the only one. Eastern Orthodox leadership, despite lacking a single doctrinal authority like a pope, has been united in opposing recognition of same-sex relationships both within its own rites and in the civil realm. Public opinion in majority Orthodox countries has mostly been opposed, too. But there are some signs of change. Two small majority-Orthodox countries, Montenegro and Cyprus, have authorized same-sex unions in recent years, as did Greece in 2015 before upgrading to full marital
A: This medical paper, titled “Structural basis for the allosteric modulation of rhodopsin by nanobody binding to its extracellular domain,” is quite interesting. B: What’s it about? A: Researchers from UC Irvine have discovered a special antibody that may lead to a treatment for retinitis pigmentosa. B: What’s retinitis pigmentosa? A: It’s an illness that causes the loss of central vision, as well as night and color vision. A: 這篇醫學報告蠻有意思的，標題是︰《細胞外區奈米抗體與視紫紅質異位調節之結構基礎》。 B: 主要在講什麼？ A: 加州大學爾灣分校研究員們發現了特殊抗體，有望治療「色素性視網膜炎」。 B: 「色素性視網膜炎」？ A: 這種疾病會導致中央視力、夜視和色覺喪失。 （By Eddy Chang, Taipei Times／台北時報張聖恩）