Recently, veganism has been steadily gaining steam. This lifestyle choice __1__the use of animal-based products, especially when it comes to one’s diet and clothing. However, animal products are used in such a wide range of __2__ that living as a true vegan can prove to be a difficult challenge for many people.
Those who play the violin, for example, have traditionally had no __3__ but to use instruments that rely heavily on glues made from the skin, bones, and tendons of animals to hold them together. Fortunately for these vegan musicians, however, this is no longer the case.
Padraig O’Dubhlaoidh, an Irish violin maker, recently made the first violin to be __4__ with The Vegan Society’s “Vegan Trademark.” He created the NT$300,000 instrument at his workshop in the Malvern Hills district of England during the coronavirus lockdown. According to O’Dubhlaoidh, a customer had __5__ him about making a vegan instrument a number of years ago. The craftsman had long thought that animal products were not necessary to build a violin. Moreover, he was troubled by the thought of the __6__ dilemma that some vegan musicians faced when they were forced to play instruments that were not vegan-friendly. Therefore, he set about making a violin that was free from materials such as horsehair, hooves, horns, or bones, animal products that have historically been used in the __7__ of violins.
Photo courtesy of MNA 照片：牛耳藝術提供
O’Dubhlaoidh’s vegan-friendly violin uses glue made from wild berries and spring water rather than traditional materials that are __8__ from animals. He even claims that the acoustic properties of his vegan violin are better than __9__ models. This is mainly because the glue he uses causes less tension on the wooden __10__ of the instrument. He’s certain that eco-friendly instruments like the one he has created will become more common in the coming years.
What Did You Learn?
(A) conventional (B) moral (C) production (D) excludes (E) sourced
(F) components (G) goods (H) approached (I) option (J) registered
1. (D) 2. (G) 3. (I) 4. (J) 5. (H)
6. (B) 7. (C) 8. (E) 9. (A) 10. (F)
Words in Use
1. steadily adv. 穩定地，不斷地
Due to global warming, temperatures around the world are steadily increasing.
2. -based suffix （形容詞詞尾）以…為主的
This is a garlic-based sauce.
3. fortunately adv. 幸運地，所幸
= luckily adv.
I lost all of my money. Fortunately, Mary was willing to lend me some.
4. district n. 地區，區域
Do you know which district of the city Tina lives in?
5. dilemma n. 左右為難，困境
Our dilemma is how to exploit natural resources without damaging the environment.
1. gain / gather / pick up / get up steam 越來越受歡迎；加大馬力
After a week, the fundraising project began to gain steam.
2. a wide range of... 範圍廣泛的…
Our new chef has created a wide range of new dishes.
3. rely on... 依賴… = depend on...
Benny had to rely on the MRT to get to work after he sold his car.
4. hold... together / hold together
Jenny used glue to hold these two pieces of paper together.
5. set about 著手做
Ray set about cleaning up the house after the party.
Since the start of the pandemic, the option to “buy now, pay later’” has skyrocketed in popularity, especially among young and low-income consumers who may not have ready access to traditional credit. If you shop online for clothes or furniture, sneakers or concert tickets, you’ve seen the option at checkout to break the cost into smaller installments over time. Companies like Afterpay, Affirm, Klarna, and Paypal all offer the service, with Apple due to enter the market later this year. But with economic instability rising, so are delinquencies. Here is what you should know: HOW DOES BUY NOW, PAY LATER WORK? Branded
Teams of scientists around the world have recently demonstrated the viability of airborne and waterborne DNA collection. The methods, which permit the analysis of large samples of soil, air or water for genetic material, rely on the concept of environmental DNA. This “eDNA” is found in the innumerable particles of biological matter that creatures shed as they go about their lives. While these tiny scraps are invisible to the naked eye, eDNA tests can reveal a wealth of information to researchers. For example, wildlife managers in the Susquehanna River system in Pennsylvania, US detected Didymosphenia geminata DNA through eDNA
A: Wow, look at that drone in the sky! B: Drones have become increasingly common in recent years. Walmart, Amazon and other companies have all begun promoting drone delivery services. A: Chunghwa Post is also providing this service. B: Really? A: Currently, Hsinchu County’s Jianshih Township post office is trialing parcel delivery to remote villages by unmanned aerial vehicles. B: That’s fantastic. It will make it much more convenient to post things to mountainous areas. A: 哇你看，天空中有一架無人機！ B: 這幾年無人機好像越來越普遍，沃爾瑪、亞馬遜等公司，都開始推出了無人機送貨服務。 A: 其實中華郵政也有這項服務唷。 B: 真的嗎？ A: 新竹縣尖石鄉的郵局，正在試辦無人機偏鄉物流運送。 B: 太棒了，以後寄東西到山區就方便多啦。 （Translated by Edward Jones, Taipei Times／台北時報張聖恩）
你會說很多種語言，是不是？ You speak many languages, don’t you? 情境對話 Situational Dialogues 美英：你會說很多種語言，是不是？ 大為：我只會說英文、日文和一點兒中文。 美英：真厲害。我想學英文，你能教我嗎？ 大為：可以啊！你什麼時候有空？ 美英：星期一或是星期五晚上，我都有空。 大為：好。那，我們星期五上課，怎麼樣？ 美英：太好了，謝謝。 Meiying: You speak many languages, don’t you? Dawei: I only speak English, Japanese and a little Chinese. Meiying: That’s awesome. I want to learn English. Can you teach me? Dawei: Yes! When are you free? Meiying: I’m free on Monday or Friday night. Dawei: Good. Well, how about we have class on Friday? Meiying: Great, thank you. 生詞表 Vocabulary 語言 (yǔyán) language(s) 只 (zhǐ) only 真 (zhēn) really 厲害 (lìhài) severe, terrible, efficient and cruel 教 (jiāo) to teach Get To Know Taiwan 生活小補帖 Chinese New Year In southern China, one of the favorite and most typical dishes is Niangao, sweet steamed glutinous rice pudding, which represents promotion year by year. 另外，每個家庭也都有年糕，而年糕象徵著「年年高陞」的意思。 教材音檔 Audio Files