Throughout its history, Luxembourg has been known as a thriving state in a position of great importance for its European neighbors. One of the smallest countries in Europe, today it is the world’s only Grand Duchy. Find out more about this tiny trilingual country, and how it came to be an independent state surrounded by much bigger, more powerful countries.
A closer look 說古論今
Although it is independent today, Luxembourg has been at the center of European history for centuries. It’s history goes as far back as the Roman Empire, when the Romans built two roads that intersected there. Hundreds of years later, a man built a small castle on that spot, and a town grew up around it. The castle was built at the top of a steep cliff, and rivers ran through the surrounding areas. This made it very difficult to attack Luxembourg. Today, Luxembourg’s position gives the capital city, Luxembourg City, lots of beautiful views, pretty bridges and lovely scenery. Long ago, this meant that all the European powers wanted to hold Luxembourg, and from the 15th century on, many of them did. Luxembourg is ruled by a Duke or Duchess, and has been independent since 1839, although at that time Luxembourg lost a lot of land to Belgium.
Until 1890, the Duke of Luxembourg and the King of the Netherlands were the same person. In 1890, the King of the Netherlands (who was also the Duke of Luxembourg) died, and he left no male heir. Since it was legal for a woman to be queen in the Netherlands, the King’s daughter became the next Queen of the Netherlands. However, Luxembourg’s laws at the time stated that only a man could rule, so another relative was chosen to become the Duke of Luxembourg, and the two countries have had separate rulers ever since. The people of Luxembourg enjoy a relatively tranquil and comfortable life. The country is economically very comfortable, and the citizens of Luxembourg live well and peacefully.
A very popular dish at Taiwanese night markets for generations has been the oyster omelet, with its soft sticky texture and slightly crispy edge. In Taiwan, this dish is often pronounced in Taiwanese Hokkien as o-a-tsian, which literally means “oyster fried.” One unique feature of the language is that a dish is often named by saying its major ingredients first, followed by the method used to cook it. 蚵仔煎是台灣流傳好幾代的夜市美食，口感軟黏，邊緣微脆，在台灣多半以台語念做o-a-tsian，意思為「牡蠣煎」。這是台語獨特的語法，命名時會將食材的名字加上烹飪的動詞，就成了菜餚的名字。 omelet (n.) 煎蛋餅（英式拼法為 omelette） sticky (adj.) 黏黏的 texture (n.) 口感，質地 ingredient (n.) 食材 An oyster omelet is made by frying oysters, eggs and vegetables, then pouring a sweet potato starch
A: What else can we look forward to this year? B: According to CNN, the next six big things are: 13. New books, 14. A new capital city for Indonesia, 15. A new outlook on Catholic faith, 16. More artificial intelligence, 17. New video games, and 18. A historic election — in Mexico. A: I know. Indonesia will relocate its capital city to Nusantara. B: The last six big things are: 19. Amazing art, 20. Malaria breakthroughs, 21. Mosquitoes that are actually helpful, 22. Pandemic progress, 23. A better job market, and 24. A new day. A: Yeah, a
Dry ice is a remarkable substance with many versatile uses. It might look like a simple block of white-colored ice, but this could not be further from the truth. While regular ice is the solid form of water or H2O, dry ice is the solid state of carbon dioxide or CO2. Temperatures must be incredibly low to freeze carbon dioxide gas into a solid form. This unique property makes dry ice ideal for tasks such as flash-freezing produce, keeping foods cold during transit and even removing moles from people’s skin. One of the most notable physical characteristics of dry ice is
The latest social media app to spread like wildfire among young people is TikTok. This app works by people creating and sharing short videos that usually last under a minute. The videos posted often cover various topics like dance challenges, fashion trends, prank videos, or even news updates. While this might seem like just another harmless social media app, new research shows that TikTok can negatively affect people’s attention spans. Some studies have recently discovered that apps like TikTok affect people’s brains. Specifically, it has altered how our brains release dopamine. Dopamine is often called the “feel-good” hormone because