Throughout its history, Luxembourg has been known as a thriving state in a position of great importance for its European neighbors. One of the smallest countries in Europe, today it is the world’s only Grand Duchy. Find out more about this tiny trilingual country, and how it came to be an independent state surrounded by much bigger, more powerful countries.
A closer look 說古論今
Although it is independent today, Luxembourg has been at the center of European history for centuries. It’s history goes as far back as the Roman Empire, when the Romans built two roads that intersected there. Hundreds of years later, a man built a small castle on that spot, and a town grew up around it. The castle was built at the top of a steep cliff, and rivers ran through the surrounding areas. This made it very difficult to attack Luxembourg. Today, Luxembourg’s position gives the capital city, Luxembourg City, lots of beautiful views, pretty bridges and lovely scenery. Long ago, this meant that all the European powers wanted to hold Luxembourg, and from the 15th century on, many of them did. Luxembourg is ruled by a Duke or Duchess, and has been independent since 1839, although at that time Luxembourg lost a lot of land to Belgium.
Until 1890, the Duke of Luxembourg and the King of the Netherlands were the same person. In 1890, the King of the Netherlands (who was also the Duke of Luxembourg) died, and he left no male heir. Since it was legal for a woman to be queen in the Netherlands, the King’s daughter became the next Queen of the Netherlands. However, Luxembourg’s laws at the time stated that only a man could rule, so another relative was chosen to become the Duke of Luxembourg, and the two countries have had separate rulers ever since. The people of Luxembourg enjoy a relatively tranquil and comfortable life. The country is economically very comfortable, and the citizens of Luxembourg live well and peacefully.
A: I remember T1 League was newly established last year. B: Yeah, the league has six teams: the Taiwan Beer Hero Bears, New Taipei CTBC DEA, Taoyuan Leopards, Taichung Suns, Tainan TSG Ghost Hawks and Kaohsiung Aquas. A: But in Taiwan, there are also the Super Basketball League and P+ League. B: So there are three leagues with 17 teams now. No wonder fans often get confused. A: As the three leagues keep competing with each other, it’s a pity that the limited resources cannot be integrated effectively. A: 我記得T1聯盟是去年新成立的。 B: 對啊它共有六支球隊︰台灣啤酒英熊、新北中信特攻、桃園永豐雲豹、台中太陽、台南台鋼獵鷹、高雄全家海神。 A: 但是台灣還有SBL聯盟、P+聯盟。 B: 三個聯盟十七支戰隊，難怪球迷經常被搞混。 A: 而且聯盟間互相競爭，資源無法整合真可惜！ （By
As Iran prepares to play diplomatic arch-rivals the US in the World Cup today, AFP looks at how geopolitics have spilled onto the pitch in previous World Cups: Mussolini’s ‘Blackshirts’: France v Italy, 1938 Just a year before World War II broke out, defending champions Italy arrived in France with politics taking center stage in their clash with the hosts. Championed by Italy’s then-leader, fascist dictator Benito Mussolini, the team were booed when they came onto the pitch at the stadium near Paris. Undeterred, the Italians gave the fascist salute to the crowd and played in black shirts,
Ms Kung put up a notice on the bulletin board of Classroom 901 龔老師在901教室的佈告欄上貼了一則告示。 You’re invited to the Christmas Party Date: Friday, Dec. 23 Place: Classroom 901 Notice: I will write each of your names on a piece of paper and put them in a box. Two weeks before the party, you will pick a name out of the box. Don’t tell anyone the name you drew. What you have to do is observe secretly what he/she likes. In other words, you will be his/her “Secret Santa,” and prepare a gift for him/her. At the party, you will …… 1. Put what you prepared on the big
Archaeology under the sea 水下考古：「潛」進歷史 Archaeologists tend to be stereotyped as people who work on land, digging up ancient ruins that lie below the surface of the earth. However, in recent decades, an exciting new form of archaeology has taken shape. This new practice is called underwater archaeology. Put simply, instead of looking under the ground for ancient artifacts, archaeologists dive deep into the ocean to conduct their searches. Underwater archaeology, although not without logistical difficulties, has been responsible for a number of high-profile findings in recent years. The development of underwater archaeology owes much to concurrent technological progress. First and foremost, it was the invention