G20 nations are to consider extending debt relief for poor countries affected by COVID-19 in the second half of this year, the group’s finance ministers and central bankers said on Saturday after talks aimed at spurring global economic recovery.
The 20 most industrialized nations in April announced a one-year debt standstill for the world’s poorest nations, but campaigners have criticized the measure as grossly inadequate to stave off the knock-on effects of the COVID-19 pandemic.
World Bank president David Malpass on Saturday called for the debt suspension initiative to be extended through the end of next year, while multiple charities including Oxfam said it needs to be stretched through 2022 to avert a “catastrophe for hundreds of millions of people.”
In their final statement after the virtual talks hosted by Riyadh, G20 ministers and bankers said they would “consider a possible extension of the [debt suspension initiative] in the second half of 2020.”
So far, 42 countries have applied for the initiative, asking for a cumulative US$5.3 billion in debt to be deferred, the statement said.
Any extension of the initiative would be based on how the pandemic develops and recommendations of the IMF and World Bank that would be submitted to G20 members in advance of their meeting in October, it added.
Saturday’s talks, chaired by Saudi Minister of Finance Mohammed al-Jadaan and Saudi Arabian Monetary Authority Governor Ahmed al-Kholifey, came as the surging pandemic continues to batter the global economy and campaigners warn of a looming debt crisis across poverty-wracked developing nations.
Downgrading its growth forecasts, the IMF last month said it expected global GDP to fall by 4.9 percent this year due to a deeper contraction during lockdowns than previously anticipated.
“Due to the continuing impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, the global economy faces a deep recession this year, with partial and uneven recovery expected in 2021,” IMF managing director Kristalina Georgieva said in a statement after the meeting.
“We need to unite to help the poorest and most vulnerable economies, especially those struggling with high debt... The G20’s debt service suspension initiative has been commendable and I hope that consideration will be given to extending it,” Georgieva said.
French Minister of Economy and Finance Bruno Le Maire voiced optimism that the initiative would be extended, saying that G20 states were on track to securing a deal on this “fundamental issue.”
Meanwhile, Germany pledged an additional 3 billion euros (US$3.43 billion) in the form of long-term loans to IMF’s poverty reduction program for low-income countries, German Minister of Finance Olaf Scholz said.
Despite the group’s initiatives so far, 73 of the world’s poorest countries are still required to pay up to US$33.7 billion in debt repayments through the end of the year, according to data from the charities Oxfam, Christian Aid and Global Justice Now.
“The global economy has been hit harder by the coronavirus than the already dire predictions we saw in April — the G20 finance ministers have the mandate to avert an impending catastrophe for hundreds of millions of people,” Oxfam interim executive director Chema Vera said.
“They must make [the initiative] legally binding to cancel all debt payments, including private and multilateral, through the end of 2022 and also include middle-income countries,” he added.
Amnesty International also called on G20 nations to “cancel the debt owed by the poorest countries for at least the next two years.”
“COVID-19 has exposed the glaring inequalities that exist in our world,” Amnesty acting secretary-general Julie Verhaar said.
“If we are to build resilience to future crises, we need to make long-term structural changes that will require courage and leadership from G20 countries,” Verhaar said.
Earlier this week, Georgieva said about US$11 trillion in stimulus measures offered by many countries, including the G20, have “put a floor under the global economy.”
However, as pressure mounts to do more, G20 nations are scrambling to defend their virus-wracked economies amid forecasts of a deepening recession.
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