Gloom and volatility returned to Asian markets yesterday as investors dumped stocks following huge overnight losses on Wall Street and dismal US economic reports revived fears of a global recession. Oil prices fell to three-year lows.
World markets rallied last week, but any nascent investor confidence quickly wilted after grim US economic figures sent the Dow Jones industrial average plummeting nearly 700 points — or 7.7 percent — on Monday, wiping out more than half of last week’s big gains.
“I saw that figure this morning, and I thought, ‘Oh, no. Here we go again,’” said Peter Wright, an associate at Burrell Stockbroking, as he watched Australian shares plummet from the opening bell.
Australia’s central bank slashed its key interest rate on Monday a full percentage point to 4.25 percent in an attempt to prevent the economy from sliding into recession. But investors took scant comfort from the move, sending the benchmark S&P/ASX 200 index down 4.2 percent to 3,528.2.
Japan’s Nikkei 225 stock average tumbled 533.53 points, or 6.4 percent, to 7,863.69, and Hong Kong’s Hang Seng index lost more than 5 percent to 13,396.07.
Kazuhiro Takahashi, an equity strategist at Daiwa Securities SMBC in Tokyo, said the market was under heavy selling pressure as investors braced for more bad news ahead from the US, including jobs data for last month on Friday.
“It will be yet another sign confirming the US economic deterioration,” Takahashi said. “Investors are simply unable to find any positive leads right now.”
Key indices in the Philippines, Taiwan, India and South Korea also dropped sharply.
“This was brought by the confirmation of recession in the US,” said Emmanuel Soller, a trader at Equitiworld Securities Inc in Manila.
US stocks first slid on initial reports that the first weekend of the holiday shopping season, while better than some retailers and analysts feared, saw only modest gains. Downbeat reports on the manufacturing sector and construction spending further unnerved investors.
Then the National Bureau of Economic Research, considered the arbiter of when the economy is in recession or expanding, said the US recession had begun a year ago, in December last year. By one benchmark, a recession occurs whenever the gross domestic product, the total output of goods and services, declines for two consecutive quarters. But the bureau’s dating committee uses broader and more precise measures, including employment data.
The bleak outlook for the US economy drove oil prices to three-year lows in Asian electronic trading. Light, sweet crude for delivery next month was down US$1.44 to US$47.84 a barrel — the lowest since 2005 — in electronic trading on the New York Mercantile Exchange by mid-afternoon in Singapore.
The problems facing the US manufacturing sector were reflected in similar surveys earlier for the eurozone and Britain, where shares also fell sharply on Monday.
Apart from fears over a prolonged global downturn, Japanese stocks sank on heavy selling of exporters after recent gains in the yen. A stronger yen erodes overseas earnings and makes Japanese products more expensive for consumers abroad. The dollar was little changed at ¥93.24 in late afternoon Tokyo trade.