Fair trade and green-friendly goods are becoming increasingly popular with lovers of luxury, with distinctive products and politics equally driving demand, French fashion and consumer experts said.
"People are not buying fair trade to help the planet," said Eric Fouquier, who heads the Thema agency which specializes in new "alternative" consumption patterns.
"Luxury items simply have become industrial and are now so common that consumers are seeking goods that are out of the ordinary," he said.
Fouquier's views echo others who recently discussed the growing appetite of consumers for products that respect global environmental concerns on a panel at Paris Fashion Group, a forum of fashion industry specialists.
Young French entrepreneur Francois Morillon, whose Veja organic sports shoe brand made of cotton and rubber from Brazil, is making waves in top boutiques, also reckoned politics was far from being the leading factor in his success story.
"Apart from a small number of activists, people don't buy for social or environmental reasons but because they like the product," he said of his 2003 business that went from nothing to 45,000 pairs of shoes a season, made in collaboration with Brazilian co-ops.
"We set up our brand because we want to favor change," he said. "But it's the exceptional quality of a product, the fact that it's original that sets it apart, that makes it a luxury good."
It was like a Hermes handbag, he said, where the owner knew exactly how it was made.
But Isabelle Laville, whose consultancy Utopies specializes in fair-trade practices, said consumption patterns had changed over the past 12 to 18 months with social and environmental concerns becoming part and parcel of the luxury sector.
Celebrities such as George Clooney and Leonard DiCaprio, or rock star Bono, had also favored sustainable development by speaking out for ethical causes, she said.
"Customer demand is changing," said Sylvie Benard, the head of environment for the world's biggest luxury conglomerate LVMH. "Our customers today are as demanding about luxury as they are about respecting the environment."
Benard said LVMH, which owns Moet-Hennessy drinks, Louis Vuitton leather goods and a range of perfume and fashion brands, had been striving for the past 15 years to bolster its green credentials by cutting waste and carefully sourcing animal hides for its top-end leathers.
Moet et Chandon champagnes had halved water consumption over six years while the flagship Vuitton store on Paris' Champs Elysees now uses 60 percent less electricity than others after revamping its lighting system.
The company also aimed to help its partners in emerging nations such as Vietnam or Burkina Faso -- which supply ingredients for perfumes and cosmetics -- to develop viable economic projects, she said.
"We don't communicate about what we're doing," she said. "To be extravagant out front you need to be impeccable out the back."
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