Inside a traditional Orthodox church topped with a gold cross, instead of icons, visitors can see a lunar rover and the helmet of the first man in space, Yuri Gagarin.
The wooden church in central Ukraine is one of thousands of buildings that were repurposed or simply destroyed during an anti-religion campaign in the Soviet era.
But now some believers are asking whether it is time for the blue-and-gray painted structure to be returned to the Church, especially as Ukraine is undergoing a religious revival. Last month, the country created its own Orthodox Church in a historic break with the Russian Orthodox Church, against a backdrop of its ongoing war with Russia-backed rebels in eastern Ukraine that has killed more than 10,000 people.
“Today, when it is no longer forbidden to pray and believe in God, the church must be used as a place of worship,” said priest Mykhaylo Yurchenko, from the new Ukrainian Orthodox Church who serves in one of the nearby churches.
Museum staff say clerics have visited and even tried out the acoustics, but there are no plans to reconsecrate it.
“The museum was founded in the 1970s,” said Sergiy Volkodav, its 37-year-old chief curator.
“It happened when space flights were wildly popular and every boy dreamed of becoming a cosmonaut,” he said, standing beside a spacesuit worn by cosmonaut Vyacheslav Zudov for a spacewalk in 1976.
Built in 1891, the Church of Saint Paraskeva houses more than 450 exhibits, including a scarlet training parachute belonging to Gagarin, a collection of portraits of him and other personal items of the cosmonaut whose historic 1961 space flight made him a Soviet icon.
The museum is part of a vast outdoor ethnographic complex in Pereyaslav-Khmelnytsky, a small town southeast of Kiev.
Soviet anti-religious propaganda used images of space exploration to persuade people that God did not exist. The Soviets also put some former churches to ideological use, such as opening a museum of atheism in a cathedral in Leningrad, now Saint Petersburg.
Some other churches were converted into planetariums.
Volkodav said that, in opening a space museum in a church, the Soviet authorities’ intention was not necessarily to mock religion.
They simply chose a building that could display large exhibits that include a model rocket several meters high, he said.
Some, like Volkodav as well as priests and other locals, argue that the creation of the museum saved the church from destruction.
It formerly stood in a Cossack village that was deliberately flooded to build a vast reservoir in the 1960s. The church was one of the few buildings to be painstakingly dismantled and moved to a new location.
One of those who lived in the village, Borys Stolyarenko, a 60-year-old mechanic, recalls services being held there in the early 1960s.
“Later, when the Soviets turned it into a granary, we climbed through its windows with my friends and jumped down into the grain,” he said.
He has no photographs of his former home village, he said.
“All I have is this church. The creation of the museum saved it,” he added.
Father Feodosiy from the local Orthodox monastery, loyal to the Moscow Patriarchate, said he would like to see the museum return to the Russian Orthodox Church, but if it were to go to the new Ukrainian Church, he would rather see it continue to host space exhibits.
“In the situation we have now, it’s better to have a museum there than those schismatics” from the independent church, he said.
Some locals have suggested moving the space exhibition to another location and opening a museum of religious icons in its place.
But Volkodav is resolutely opposed.
“This is the only space museum in a church in the whole world... it’s unique,” he said.
ACADEMIC FREEDOM: One professor told her students to submit anonymized papers and not to record any online classes. Some US schools have announced similar steps Students at Oxford University specializing in the study of China are being asked to submit some papers anonymously to protect them from the possibility of retribution under the sweeping new security law introduced three months ago in Hong Kong. The anonymity ruling is to be applied in classes, and group tutorials are to be replaced by one-to-ones. Students are also to be warned that it will be viewed as a disciplinary offence if they tape classes or share them with outside groups. The Hong Kong National Security Law was imposed on June 30 by Beijing after more than a year of pro-democracy
Japan’s government yesterday urged people to seek help if they were struggling to cope, following Sunday’s death of the popular actress and Miss Sherlock star Yuko Takeuchi, 40. News of her death shocked the nation and follows other recent cases of Japanese celebrities taking their lives, with figures showing a recent rise in suicides. Takeuchi was a household name in Japan and had given birth to her second child in January. Japanese Chief Cabinet Secretary Katsunobu Kato did not mention a particular case, but said that some people were struggling to cope during the COVID-19 pandemic. “There has been an uptick in the number
China on Thursday lashed out at the US at a high-level UN meeting over its criticism on the COVID-19 pandemic, with its envoy declaring, “Enough is enough.” Two days after US President Donald Trump used his annual address to the General Assembly to attack China’s record, US Ambassador to the UN Kelly Craft, also took an outraged tone — after which her Chinese counterpart showed palpable anger. “I must say, enough is enough. You have created enough troubles for the world already,” Chinese Ambassador to the UN Zhang Jun (張軍) told a Security Council meeting on global governance attended through videoconference
PAPAL POLITICS? The controversial Australian prelate’s return to Rome comes just days after the pope fired one of his most powerful opponents over a financial scandal Cardinal George Pell, Pope Francis’ former finance minister, is to soon return to the Vatican during an extraordinary economic scandal for the first time since he was cleared of child abuse allegations in Australia five months ago, a church agency said yesterday. Pell is to fly back to Rome today, CathNews, an information agency of the Australian Catholic Bishops Conference said, citing “sources close to” Pell. Pell’s return follows Francis last week firing one of the cardinal’s most powerful opponents, Cardinal Angelo Becciu, over a financial scandal. Pell was regarded as the third-highest-ranking Vatican official and was attempting to wrestle the Holy See’s