Thu, Oct 22, 2009 - Page 6 News List

FEATURE : African immigrants face racism in Poland

‘WE VARSOVIANS’ People of African descent in Poland say many Poles still have negative ideas about the African continent and are too accepting of racist jokes


African immigrants may no longer draw stares in Poland’s bigger cities, but problems remain for the tiny community as it strives to make its voice heard and combat stereotypes in the largely white former Soviet bloc.

While today many people of African descent say they are treated well in the deeply Catholic nation, they add that Poles still have negative ideas about the African continent and are too accepting of racist jokes.

Pawel Sredzinski was the brains behind a recent photo exhibit in Warsaw that featured African immigrants living in the capital, titled “We Varsovians.”

Sredzinski estimates some 3,000 to 4,000 Africans live in Poland. While a black man no longer draws attention on a Warsaw street, things are different in smaller cities.

“I wanted to show that alongside white Varsovians, there are blacks who also come here and that our daily life looks the same,” Sredzinski said.

“I think Warsaw is ready for multiculturalism, but we want to take this [exhibit] into smaller towns where they might not be ready,” he said.


Poland has come a long way since the decades of communism, when it was home to few immigrants and virtually no blacks.

Mamadou Wague, of the Friends of Africa Association, remembers his first days at Warsaw’s University of Life Sciences in 1979.

He recalled with a laugh how fingers were pointed at him and a curious crowd gathered in his dormitory room. Wague, who comes from Guinea in West Africa, was the first black man many of the Polish students had ever seen.

He estimates that around 60,000 Africans came to Poland to study from 1958 to 1980 under the communist regime’s exchange programs with socialist countries in Africa.

Most returned home on graduation. These days, some 200 immigrants arrive annually from sub-Saharan Africa, Wague said. Many Africans prefer countries like France or Britain, where many migrants from former colonies face no language barriers.

While there is no shortage of prominent Africans with Polish nationality, the media tends to focus exclusively on the illegal African immigrants who work in Warsaw bazaars.


Mamadou Diouf, founder of the Africa Another Way Foundation, said nobody monitors the racial situation in Poland, where people use expressions like, “a hundred years behind the blacks,” and shrug off similar comments as jokes.

In June, Polish priest Tadeusz Rydzyk said to a black missionary during a pilgrimage: “Look, he hasn’t washed at all.”

Foreign Minister Radoslaw Sikorski is on record as having joked to colleagues that US President Barack Obama had a Polish connection because “his grandfather ate a Polish missionary.”

“It’s high time someone keeps track when someone makes a comment like this,” Diouf said. “That’s the problem in this country. I’m not even talking about racism, but there’s no critique when someone says these things.”

But as more immigrants begin to arrive, their tiny community is increasingly being heard and forming organizations that unite Africans and reach out to Poles.

Engineer Alioune Diop, who came to Poland in 1990 from Senegal, said things are changing as the African community becomes increasingly organized.

Diop runs the Polish-Senegal Association and aims to create an African center that would help new immigrants and give Africans in Poland a chance to network and socialize.

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