Taipei Times: What's the true meaning behind the establishment of a trade representative office in Ulan Bator, Mongolia and in Taipei, Taiwan?
Hsu Chih-hsiung (
Mongolia declared its independence in 1911 and gained independence through a public referendum in 1945.
Although the Republic of China had actually recognized Mongolia's independence in 1946, the KMT government, which embraced the "Greater China" mentality, claimed legitimacy and sovereignty over China, including "Outer Mongolia" as part of the nation's mainland territory.
The relationship between Taiwan and Mongolia experienced a tremendous breakthrough in January this year when the Mainland Affairs Council amended its administrative orders, which are based on the Statute Governing the Relations between the People of the Taiwan Area and the Mainland Area (兩岸人民關係條例), to exclude "Outer Mongolia" from the statute's scope.
That means that because the Taiwan government recognizes Mongolia as an independent sovereign state, Mongolians, who are now considered foreigners, are required to have visas if they want to visit Taiwan.
TT: Despite the Mainland Affairs Council's changes to the statute, critics have argued that the Legislative Yuan should consider convening the National Assembly to discuss the constitutionality of territorial change and reach a legal solution to the Mongolia issue. What are your thoughts on this?
Hsu: I don't think such a move is necessary because the Constitution, which was enacted in 1946 and promulgated in 1947, recognized the independence of Mongolia after Mongolia gained independence through a plebiscite in 1945.
Although the Constitution does not clearly define the "existing national boundaries" and an interpretation by the Council of Grand Justices in 1993 failed to define the politically highly sensitive issue, the theory that the Constitution includes Mongolia in the ROC territory is flawed.
As both Taiwan and China recognize the independence of Mongolia, which has a seat in the UN, it's an undeniable fact that Mongolia is an independent sovereign state.
TT: Responding to recent calls to exclude Mongolia from China's territory in Taiwan's world map, the Ministry of the Interior has been mulling an amendment to an act requiring both civil and private sectors in charge of the production of world maps to obtain permission before publishing maps. What's the significance of having the bill pass into a law?
Hsu: As far as I know the interior ministry is thinking of abolishing such a requirement, which I think is the right thing to do.
Under the premise of publication freedom, I don't think the government should censor the production of any world maps, particularly after the 70-year-old Publishing Law was abrogated in 1999.
As the ministry's draft bill passes into law, official world maps will reflect reality in the future since the interior ministry has publicly announced that Ulan Bator is the capital of Mongolia instead of the Mongolian Province of China. The private sector, on the other hand, will enjoy more publication freedom.
TT: As the Cabinet is planning to downsize its 36 administrative entities to 23, plus four independent institutions, the Mongolian and Tibetan Affairs Commission is one of the administrative entities proposed to be dissolved. As the director of the commission, what do you think of the government's plan?