A sure-fire way to ruin the self-esteem of a cocky colleague is to hold the door open for him, say psychologists.
Such a gesture could be taken to imply that the recipient looks needy and vulnerable.
This is likely to clash with their masculine identity and leave them deflated, professors Janice Kelly and Megan McCarty of Purdue University in Indiana suggested.
Their study, published in the journal Social Influence, found no evidence that women were effected in a similar way when men held doors for them.
The authors said even fleeting examples of unexpected help can have significant impact if they work against typical gender roles.
Men who had the door held for them by another man reported lower feelings of self-esteem and self-belief than men who did not have the door held for them.
No differences were seen in women, regardless of whether a door was held open for them or not.
1. sure-fire adj.
必定能的 (bi4 ding4 neng2 de5)
例: This is a sure-fire way to get publicity.
2. cocky adj.
驕傲自大的 (jiao1 ao4 zi4 da4 de5)
例: Don’t get cocky just because you’ve achieved some amount of success.
3. clash with v. phr.
與…衝突 (yu3 … chong1 tu2)
例: The color of the curtains clashes with the color of the wall.