Tue, Feb 11, 2014 - Page 10 News List

New Global Slavery Index estimates 30 million affected
新全球奴隸指數估計影響三千萬人

Nepalese indentured “kamlari” girl Jayarani Tharu, left, and formerly indentured and now activist Manjita Chaudhary, right, after the rescue of Tharu from her workplace by police and activists in Kathmandu, Nepal on Dec. 13 last year.
去年十二月十三日於尼泊爾加德滿都,一位尼泊爾受契約約束或稱kamlari的女孩Jayarani Tharu(左)與前奴隸而目前為人權倡議者的Manjita Chaudhary(右),在Tharu被警察與倡議者從其工作中救出後的照片。

Photo: AFP
照片:法新社

An estimated 30 million people worldwide are living in modern-day slavery, according to the inaugural Global Slavery Index published on Oct. 17 last year.

The index, compiled by the Walk Free Foundation (WFF), said that while India by far had the largest number of enslaved people, the problem was most prevalent in the west African nation of Mauritania, where four percent of the population was deemed to be held in slavery.

The WFF hopes the annual index will help governments to monitor and tackle what it calls a “hidden crime.”

“A lot of governments won’t like hearing what we have to say,” chief executive Nick Grono told AFP.

Established in May last year, the WFF is a 20-strong team based in Perth on the Australian west coast, founded by philanthropists Andrew Forrest — the chairman of Fortescue Metals Group — and his wife Nicola.

The foundation’s definition of modern slavery includes slavery itself, plus slavery-like practices — such as debt bondage, forced marriage and the sale or exploitation of children — human trafficking and forced labor.

(AFP)

根據去年十月十七日公佈的首份全球奴隸指數指出,估計有全球三千萬人活在當代的奴隸制度下。

這份由自由行基金會彙整的指數表示,雖然印度奴隸人口最多,但奴隸問題最猖獗的地方是在西非國家茅利塔尼亞,國內有百分之四人口被當成奴隸。

自由行基金會希望藉由每年公布指數,來幫助政府監控和處理這種「隱藏性犯罪」。

執行長尼克‧葛羅諾告訴法新社說:「有許多政府不會喜歡聽我們所說的事。」

去年五月成立的自由行基金會,由一個位於澳洲西岸柏斯的二十人小組組成,由福特斯克金屬集團暨慈善家安德魯‧弗瑞斯特和他的妻子妮可拉創辦。

該組織對現代奴隸的定義包含奴隸行為本身,加上類似奴隸的行為—像是債奴、逼婚和販賣或剝削兒童,以及人口販賣和被迫勞動。

(法新社/翻譯:陳?軒)

TODAY’S WORDS 今日單字

1. inaugural adj.

開始的;就職的 (kai1 shi3 de5; jiu4 zhi2 de5)

例: The CEO delivered a speech at his inaugural ceremony.

(該名總裁在就職典禮上發表演說。)

2. compile v.

彙整;編匯 (hui4 zheng3; bian1 hui4)

例: He will compile an anthology of poems.

(他將編匯詩歌選集。)

3. philanthropist n.

慈善家 (ci2 shan4 jia1)

例: Her father was a well-known philanthropist.

(她的父親曾是位廣為人知的慈善家。)


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