Tue, Nov 26, 2013 - Page 10 News List

Mythical yeti could be descended from ancient polar bear
傳說中的雪人「可能是古代北極熊的後代」

A masked participant of the traditional carnival cortege stands on a snowy field in southwestern Switzerland on Feb. 9.
二月九日,一位穿戴面具參加傳統嘉年華行列的民眾,站在瑞士西南部的一處雪地上。

Photo: EPA
照片:歐新社

A British geneticist said on Oct. 17 he may have solved the mystery of the yeti, after matching DNA from two animals said to be the mythical beast to an ancient polar bear.

There have for centuries been legends about hairy, ape-like creatures, also known as “migoi” in the Himalayas, “abominable snowman” in North America and “almasty” in the Caucasus mountains.

The myth was given credence when explorer Eric Shipton returned from his 1951 expedition to Everest with photographs of giant footprints in the snow.

Bryan Sykes made a global appeal last year for samples from suspected yeti and received about 70, of which 27 gave good DNA results.

Two hair samples came up trumps — one from a beast shot in the Kashmiri region of Ladakh 40 years ago and the other found in Bhutan a decade ago.

Brown bears and polar bears are closely related as species and are known to interbreed when their territories overlap, according to Sykes.

(Liberty Times)

一位英國遺傳學家十月十七日表示,他也許已解開雪人之謎,經過比對兩種據說是該傳奇野獸的動物基因之後,(發現那)符合古代北極熊(的基因)。

有關毛茸茸、長得像猩猩的生物的傳奇已流傳數世紀,又稱為喜馬拉雅地區的「米格伊」,北美的「喜馬拉雅雪人」以及高加索山區的「阿瑪斯蹄」。

在探險家艾瑞克.希普頓一九五一年帶回埃佛勒斯山雪地上大腳印的照片後,那個傳說被信以為真。

布萊恩‧賽克斯去年向全世界徵求疑似雪人的樣本,並收到約七十個,其中有二十七個在基因比對上有好消息。

兩個毛髮樣本出現意外的好成績:一個來自四十年前拉達克喀什米爾地區一頭被射殺的野獸、另一個來自十年前的不丹。

棕熊與北極熊在品種上關係密切,並已知曾在生活地域交疊時異種交配,賽克斯說。

(自由時報/翻譯:詹立群)

TODAY’S WORDS 今日單字

1. credence n.

相信;信任 (xiang1 xin4; xin4 ren4)

例: Do not give credence to all the gossip you hear.

(不要聽信閒話。)

2. come up trumps idiom

好得出乎意料 (hao3 de2 chu1 hu1 yi4 liao4)

例: The team came up trumps on the day.

(那一隊當天成績好得出乎意料。)

3. interbreed v.

異種交配 (yi4 zhong3 jiao1 pei4)

例: Wolves and dogs can interbreed and produce offspring.

(狼與狗可以異種交配並繁衍後代。)


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