Wed, Feb 06, 2013 - Page 10 News List

Greek schools ‘fertile ground’ for neo-Nazis
希臘學校已成新納粹「溫床」

A girl walks by a school with posters attacking the extreme nationalist party Golden Dawn in Athens, Greece on Dec. 4 last year.
一位女孩去年十二月四日在希臘雅典,行經貼有反極端民族主義政黨「金色黎明」海報的一所學校。

Photo: AFP
照片:法新社

Schools in crisis-hit Greece are proving a fertile ground for Golden Dawn, the neo-Nazi group suspected of orchestrating attacks on migrants whose popularity is on the rise, anti-racism activists warn.

Capitalizing on popular anger with the perceived decades-old corruption of mainstream parties, the group had 18 lawmakers elected to the 300-seat Greek parliament and is now the party of choice for one in 10 Greeks, polls show.

Still thin on numbers, Golden Dawn now seeks to spread the word to the next generation.

In various schools “there are organized gangs harassing foreign pupils and their parents, verbally so far but with an intensity that could at any minute turn into physical violence,” said Nicodemos Maina Kinyua, the editor of Athens-based African magazine Asante.

The Kenyan-born journalist, who has lived in Greece since childhood, says the country’s education system offers fertile ground for neo-Nazi influence. “The dominant concept in school is that Greeks invented everything at the time when the rest of humanity was perched on trees, eating acorns,” he said.

Golden Dawn has taken a strong hand in enforcing the teaching of “accurate” history in schools. The group denies that students were killed by security forces inside the Athens Polytechnic in 1973, a seminal event considered to have hastened the downfall of the army dictatorship then ruling the country.

(AFP)

反種族歧視運動人士警告說,在遭逢金融危機襲擊的希臘,學校現正成為新納粹組織「金色黎明」的滋長溫床,該組織涉嫌主使攻擊外來移民,但民調支持率卻不斷上升。

抓住民眾對主流政黨長年貪腐怒氣爆發的機會,該組織一口氣把十八名議員送進共三百席的希臘國會,民調更顯示目前有十分之一的希臘選民支持「金色黎明」。

雖然人力仍嫌單薄,「金色黎明」現正試圖把其主張傳播至下一代。

在許多學校裡「都有組織幫派專門騷擾外國學生及其家長,到目前為止僅是言語衝突,但情況隨時可能轉變為肢體暴力,」住在雅典的非洲《亞桑提》雜誌編輯基尼烏亞說。

這位在肯亞出生的記者自幼即住在希臘,他表示希臘的教育制度根本替新納粹勢力提供了「滋長溫床」。「學校裡最重要的觀念就是,當其他民族還住在樹上吃橡實時,希臘人就已經發明了一切,」他說。

TODAY’S WORDS 今日單字

1. fertile ground n. phr.

溫床 (wen1 chuang2)

例: British politics remains very fertile ground for comedy.

(英國政壇一直都是喜劇的溫床。)

2. take a hand in sth v. phr.

推行;參與 (tui1 xing2; can1 yu3)

例: He refused to take a hand in the preparations for the evening meal.

(他拒絕參與晚餐的準備工作。)

3. seminal adj.

影響深遠 (ying2 xiang3 shen1 yuan3)

例: She wrote a seminal article on the subject while she was still a student.

(她還在學時就曾針對這個主題,寫過一篇影響深遠的文章。)


「金色黎明」也曾在學校推行「正確」歷史教育時扮演要角。該組織否認一九七三年時曾有學生在雅典技術學院內遭安全部隊殺害,此一影響深遠的事件被視為導致當時統治希臘的軍事獨裁政權加速倒台。

(法新社/翻譯:俞智敏)

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