Wed, Jul 11, 2012 - Page 11 News List

New species of lingzhi mushrooms discovered
學術新發現 赤芝是新種真菌

A lingzhi mushroom in Hsinchu County on Dec. 17 last year.
去年十二月十七日於新竹縣拍攝的靈芝。

Photo: Huang Mei-chu, Liberty Times
照片:自由時報記者黃美珠

The Chinese have been eating lingzhi, or reishi, mushrooms as medicine for two millennia. However, the most commonly eaten type, known in Chinese as chizhi or red lingzhi, has for a long time mistakenly been considered by people around the world to be the same species as the European glossy ganoderma, whose Latin name is Ganoderma lucidum. After researchers collected some wild red lingzhi from an oak forest near Wuhan in China’s Hubei Province, collaborating researchers in Taiwan and China discovered that red lingzhi was actually a new fungus species that had never been recorded. Accordingly, they have officially named it Ganoderma lingzhi. Their findings have been published in Fungal Diversity, the top international journal of mycology.

Wu Sheng-hua, head of the research project and a fungus expert with the National Museum of Natural Science, says that lingzhi mushrooms belong to the ganoderma genus of the polypore family. Wu says that the annual net output value of lingzhi mushrooms is estimated to be as high as NT$100 billion (US$ 3.34 billion) globally. There are currently more than 100 known species of lingzhi mushrooms, with each species containing somewhat different substances with different effects, so more research needs to be done on them, he says.

(Liberty Times, Translated by Kyle Jeffcoat)

靈芝在華人用於養生已兩千年歷史,然而,最常食用的「赤芝」,長期被國際誤認為和歐洲的「亮蓋靈芝」同種,且都以「ganoderma lucidum」做為拉丁學名。經過學者前往湖北武漢附近的櫟樹林採集野生赤芝,兩岸合作研究發現「赤芝」竟然是尚未被記錄的新種真菌,因此正式定名為 「ganoderma lingzhi(靈芝的漢語發音)」,研究成果將刊登在國際真菌學術期刊排名第一的《Fungal Diversity》。

負責這項研究的國立自然科學博物館研究員吳聲華說,靈芝為多孔菌的靈芝科,估計每年全球產值高達新台幣一千億元,已知有一百多種不同的靈芝,不同種類靈芝的成份和功效都不盡相同,有待進一步分析。

(自由時報記者胡清暉)

TODAY’S WORDS 今日單字

1. mistakenly adv.

錯誤地 (cuo4 wu4 de5)

例: Sunny mistakenly thought the bus came at noon.

(珊妮誤以為公車會中午來。)

2. oak n.

櫟 (li4)

例: The old oak has probably been there for at least two centuries.

(這顆老櫟樹在那裡可能已有兩世紀。)

3. fungus n.

真菌 (zhen1 jun1)

例: The tulips in her garden were affected by fungus.

(她花園的鬱金香受到真菌的影響。)


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