Fri, May 05, 2006 - Page 21 News List

Denmark's image abroad suffers
丹麥國際形象受損

Protesters burn a Danish flag in Pakistan. 抗議群眾在巴基斯坦焚燒丹麥國旗。(照片:法新社)

PHOTO: AFP

Denmark's image has taken a beating after a Danish newspaper published cartoons of the Prophet Mohammed last year that angered Muslims around the world. The results of a survey of 35 countries showed that Denmark was the only country to have its image hurt during the past six months.

The cartoons affected Denmark's image mainly in Muslim countries, but the survey also showed an image drop in other parts of the world, including eastern and central Europe, and South Africa. Denmark's image as "open, generous, tolerant, democratic, strongly oriented on human rights and fairness" has suffered, said one of the people who did the study.

The online survey is done every three months. It questions 25,000 people of different ages, incomes and education levels. The respondents come from 35 countries, including the largely Muslim nations of Egypt, Malaysia, Turkey and Indonesia. Egyptians had the worst opinion of Denmark, and Denmark's image has also dropped in Turkey.

People who took the survey were asked what they thought about the cultures, politics and economies of different countries. For example, one of the questions asked what they thought about exports from a certain country, and if they "actively seek out or avoid" products from that country.

Political questions asked them to rank countries according to how competent and fair they thought their governments were.

Respondents were also asked which adjectives best described the government of each country. In Egypt, less than one-fifth believed the adjectives "trustworthy" or "honest" described Denmark. (DPA)

丹麥的形象自去年一家丹麥報紙刊載先知穆罕默德的漫畫,激怒全球穆斯林後便大受打擊,而一項涵括三十五國的問卷調查結果顯示,過去六個月來,丹麥是唯一形象受損的國家。

Reading Comprehension
閱讀測驗

1. Denmark's image ...

a. was only hurt in Muslim countries.

b. was hurt in eastern and central Europe.

c. has angered Muslims around the world.

2. How often is this survey done?

a. Once a year.

b. Once every six months.

c. Once every three months.

3. The article does NOT say that Denmark's image dropped in ...

a. Turkey.

b. Egypt.

c. Greece.

4. Respondents were asked about everything except ...

a. what they thought of each country's religion.

b. what they thought of each country's politics.

c. what they thought of each country's economy.


漫畫對丹麥形象的影響主要在穆斯林國家,不過調查顯示,在世界其他地區也有下滑的情形,包括東歐、中歐和南非,一名參與研究者表示,丹麥「開放、慷慨、寬容、民主、強烈人權及公平導向」的形象已遭到破壞。

這項網路問卷每三個月調查一次,訪問來自三十五國的兩萬五千名不同年紀、收入和教育程度的受訪者,包括主要穆斯林國家,如埃及、馬來西亞、土耳其和印尼的受訪民眾。埃及民眾對丹麥的評論最差,而丹麥在土耳其的形象亦受創。

受訪者在問卷中被問及對於不同國家間文化、政治和經濟差異的想法,例如,其中一題就問到他們對於來自特定國家的舶來品有何看法,和是否「積極尋找或避用」該國產品。

政治題則要求受訪者依照各國政府能力及公平程度將國家排名。

受訪者也被問到每個國家最適用哪個形容詞。埃及不到五分之一的受訪者認為「值得信賴」或「正直」能用來形容丹麥。 (德通社/翻譯:鄭湘儀)

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