Adriana Peixoto would fit right in at the trendiest Rio de Janeiro bar with her hipster glasses and the big black tattoos on her calves.
But for a weekend gossip session over beers and seafood paella, the 35-year-old audiovisual producer and her friends settled on a venue that would have been unthinkable just a few years ago: a bar in a favela, one of the hillside slums that were long ruled by ruthless and heavily armed drug gangs and off-limits to outsiders.
The vast majority of Rio’s murders still occur in the favelas, some of which are plagued by sporadic shootouts. But under a five-year-old “pacification” program aimed at making Rio safer ahead of next year’s World Cup and the 2016 Olympics, police once kept out now have bases in nearly three dozen of the 1,071 slums dotting the city.
The pacified favelas are the newest hotspots for both locals and foreign visitors, who are spending more time at the former no-go zones than traditional tourist magnets like the Christ the Redeemer statue. Now, there’s another reason to visit: the growing buzz about the best food and drink the pacified favelas have to offer. A new Portuguese-language guidebook called The Gastronomical Guide to the Favelas of Rio refutes the idea that slum food consists solely of deep-fried snacks by showcasing the people and places behind the shantytowns’ tastiest tapioca omelets, greatest grilled chicken and most scrumptious seafood stews and sushi.
“Food is an excellent tool for breaking down prejudice,” said the guide’s editor, Sergio Bloch. “For people with lingering worries about danger or prejudice against these places that were impossible to visit for so long, food is a wonderful reason to actually visit a favela.”
Bloch and his three researchers visited some 97 establishments in 11 favelas. Like reviewers from the Zagat or hallowed Michelin restaurant guides, venues were judged on food, decor, service and cost.
But Bloch’s team often ran into situations no Zagat or Michelin reviewer has likely had to grapple with.
“We went to places where the food was great, but where the smell from a nearby Dumpster made it untenable,” said Bloch over rice and beans at Restaurante 48 in the Tabajaras slum, tucked into Rio’s Copacabana neighborhood. “Or sometimes we had problems with the smell coming from the gutters, which in some favelas are often open-air sewers.”
While many favelas lack in basic sanitation, they often make up for this with breathtaking views of the ocean and exclusive neighborhoods below the steep rocky outcroppings.
Twenty-two establishments covering the gamut of food and drink options in Rio’s slums made it into the guidebook. They include sit-down restaurants serving Brazilian favorites such as prime cuts of steak and feijoada bean-and-meat stews, as well as foreign specialties-turned-local-staples like pizza and sushi. The guide also showcases hole-in-the-wall juice bars, a hot dog stand and an ambulatory singing and dancing empanada vendor named Adriana. In lieu of an address, her entry reads “circulating throughout the community,” and provides her cell phone number.
With its view of the Atlantic’s azure waters and its low prices, the Bar Lacubaco in the Vidigal slum could give many conventional Rio restaurants a run for their money. In the land of the US$35 martini, where a dinner for two routinely adds up to more than US$200, Lacubaco’s main courses are just US$5-US$7 apiece.