Today marks the 40th anniversary of Earth Day, which was founded by US Senator Gaylord Nelson to increase environmental awareness. In Taiwan, Earth Day will be celebrated through this weekend with a series of events where participants can shop, listen to music, watch films, take in a lecture — or send a message to the government.
Several groups took the opportunity to launch green initiatives yesterday.
The Homemakers’ Union and Foundation (主婦聯盟環境保護基金會) urged the public to reduce consumption of water and electricity by 20 liters and 10kWh per day, respectively.
“That would cut carbon dioxide emissions by about 1.73 million tonnes per year,” said Mary Chen (陳曼麗), a foundation board member.
According to the foundation, the reductions could be realized by reducing time spent in the shower by 1.5 minutes, and cutting back on computer use by one hour per day and television watching by two hours per day.
Also yesterday, the Tsuei Mama Foundation for Housing and Community Services (崔媽媽基金會) released a statement encouraging house movers to switch to reusable boxes to transport their belongings.
And the Environmental Quality Protection Foundation (環境品質文教基金會) unveiled software that automatically switches computer screens to sleep mode when inactive for five minutes.
Foundation chairman Hsieh Ying-shih (謝英士) said the program can be downloaded for free.
“If the software is installed on 1 million computers, we estimate consumption of electricity would be reduced by 18.94 million kWh per year, which translates to a 12,000-tonne cut in carbon dioxide emissions,” Hsieh said.
Earth Day activities scheduled for the weekend include the following:
OPERATION REDUCE CO2
Concerned about the jump in carbon dioxide emissions? Then head over to Chiang Kai-Shek Memorial Hall (國立中正紀念堂) on Sunday morning, taking public transportation, a bicycle or by using your own two legs. Operation Reduce CO2 (減碳綠行動) is meant to increase awareness of global warming; organizers hope at least 800 participants will form a giant carbon dioxide symbol with a downwards-pointing arrow using colored fans in Liberty Square (自由廣場).
Hsu Hsin-hsin (許心欣) of Taiwan Environmental Information Center (台灣環境資訊協會), one of the organizers, says the event represents the impact each individual has on the environment.
“We want it to be a jumping point for discussions,” says Hsu. Organizers also hope the image of hundreds of people gathered in front of Liberty Square’s main arches will send a message to the government. Despite its relatively small size, Taiwan’s per capita carbon dioxide emissions are well above the global average and doubled between 1990 and 2005. Last month, the government pledged to bring carbon dioxide emissions down by 2020 to 2005 levels of 257 million tonnes, or 30 percent lower than what they are projected to be without intervention.
But Hsu says that the government only pays lip service to the issue
and that current levels of pollution
“A lot of factories make products for export, but the pollution stays in Taiwan,” Hsu says.
Before Operation Reduce CO2 can get the government’s attention, however, it has to rally the public. Organizers originally aimed for 1,000 participants, but settled on 800 as a more realistic goal for Sunday’s gathering.
“I think people get the impression that this is just an issue for environmental groups to worry about and they don’t realize how serious it really is,” says Hsu.