Thu, Nov 05, 2009 - Page 14 News List

Chinese trials reveal vast web of corruption

A recent crackdown and court cases in Chonqing have uncovered a murky underworld populated by crime bosses, lowly thugs, wealthy businessmen and Communist Party officials who through the country’s mix of state control and free-market economics exercise pernicious powers

By Andrew Jacobs  /  NY TIMES NEWS SERVICE , CHONGQING, CHINA

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Wen Qiang (文強) had a fondness for Louis Vuitton belts, fossilized dinosaur eggs and B-list pop stars. For a public employee in charge of the local judiciary, he also had a lot of money: nearly US$3 million that investigators found buried beneath a fish pond.

But Wen’s lavish tastes were nothing compared with the carnal appetites of his sister-in-law, Xie Caiping (謝才萍), known as “the godmother of the Chongqing underworld.” Prosecutors say she ran 30 illegal casinos, including one across the street from the courthouse. She also employed 16 young men who, according to the state-run press, were exceedingly handsome and obliging.

In recent weeks, Xie, Wen and a cavalcade of ranking officials and lowbrow thugs have been players in a mass public trial that has exposed the unseemly relationship between gangsters, police officers and the sticky-fingered bureaucrats.

The spectacle involves more than 9,000 suspects, 50 public officials, a petulant billionaire and criminal organizations that dabbled in drug trafficking, illegal mining, and random acts of savagery, most notably the killing of a man for his unbearably loud karaoke voice.

But like all big corruption cases in China, this one is as much about politics as graft. The political machine in Chongqing, a province-size megacity of 31 million people in the southwest, has been broken up by a new Communist Party boss, Bo Xilai (薄熙來), who is the son of a revolutionary party veteran and has his eye on higher office.

Bo, a former trade minister sent to Chongqing to burnish his managerial credentials, has conducted the crackdown in a way that appears devised to maximize national attention. The drawn-out nature of the trial and the release of lurid details of the criminal syndicate have given Bo a new reputation as a leading corruption fighter, though the inquiry has yet to implicate any really high-ranking party officials.

So far six people have been sentenced to death. Xie got off relatively lightly, receiving an 18-year prison term on Tuesday.

How Bo’s performance is regarded by the party elite is a matter of speculation. There are some suggestions that his swagger, including boastful comments to the news media,

strikes some fellow officials as excessive.

Anti-corruption campaigns by China’s one-party state are generally calibrated to show resolution in tackling venality, but also to reassure the public that whatever problems are uncovered are localized and effectively contained.

“These guys are all for fighting corruption, but they are a little alarmed by the way Bo Xilai has been going about it and building up his personality,” said Sidney Rittenberg, one of the few American citizens to join the Communist Party here and a confidant of Chinese leaders since 1944. “People I talk to say he’s getting too big for his britches.”

A so-called princeling whose father, Bo Yibo (薄一波), was an economic planner and a onetime ally of the paramount leader Deng Xiaoping (鄧小平), Bo, 60, is already a member of the Communist Party’s powerful Politburo. He is often talked about as a future top leader in Beijing, although in the party’s rigid hierarchy the No. 1 posts in the party and the government have already been assigned to other younger officials.

Recent statements by Bo suggest he understands the perils of drawing too much attention. Two weeks ago, he defended the crackdown, saying he was forced to act by the rampant violence and brazen criminality that had given this perpetually foggy city a reputation for lawlessness.

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