Sun, Feb 03, 2008 - Page 18 News List

[SUNDAY PROFILE] National Palace Museum finds a new direction

Lin Mun-lee has been taking one of the world's greatest museums into uncharted territory over the past two years; the results are already speaking for themselves

By Ian Bartholomew  /  STAFF REPORTER

The museum's famous Qing Dynasty jadeite cabbage.


It has been two years this month since Lin Mun-lee (林曼麗) took over the directorship of the National Palace Museum (國立故宮博物院, NPM). There have been many big shows, but far more importantly, Lin believes she is presiding over a change in direction for Taiwan's, and indeed one of the world's, greatest museums.

"In the last few years, we have introduced many new services that cater to changing public demand," Lin said. "But unless this is reflected in the organizational structure of the museum, then it will only be a flash in the pan. Without a change in legislation, there can be no fundamental change in the nature of the museum."

Lin follows the ideologically controversial Tu Cheng-shen (杜正勝), director from 2000 to 2004, who went on to foment even greater controversy as Minister for Education, and Shih Shou-chien (石守謙), who has been tainted with corruption scandals over the NPM's multi-million dollar renovations.

She received her higher training at National Tokyo University, returned to Taiwan in 1989 to teach and took up administrative responsibility at what is now the National Taipei University of Education (國立台北教育大學). In 1996 she took over the leadership of the Taipei Fine Arts Museum (台北市立美術館, TFAM), moving to the National Arts and Culture Foundation in 2001 (財團法人國家文化藝術基金會), before becoming deputy director of the NPM in 2004.

Since Lin became director in 2006, she has overseen the reopening of the NPM after extensive renovations, helped push through amendments to the Organic Statute of the National Palace Museum (國立故宮博物院組織條例), and initiated popular developments such as the extension of opening hours on Saturdays. She now faces the enormous challenge of getting the NPM's southern branch up and running.

The renovations gave the museum a much more contemporary look, but the crucial change, according to Lin, is the passing of amendments to the Organic Statute. "When the laws governing the NPM were first drafted around 20 years ago, the whole concept of what a museum did was different. At that time, the focus was on the preservation of historical artifacts, but while this remains important, the emphasis has shifted and museums now have a much broader social mandate."

After considerable ideological wrangling, the amendments passed their third reading in the Legislature on Dec. 21, 2007. "It was a real effort," Lin said. "I had to make personal appeals to legislators on both sides of the political fence. I sometimes thought it wouldn't be possible. Now, the amendments are in place, the change can continue regardless of who's director (of the NPM)."

The ratification of the amendments means that Lin will now be able to preside over a fundamental shift in NPM policy.

"A modern museum can on longer put an exclusive focus on the exhibits," she said. "The service aspect of the museum has now come to the fore, and you must give museum visitors the feeling that in visiting the museum they have received an outstanding service. There is plenty of space to develop and add value to the exhibits through community and school participation and international exchanges. In the past, this was never emphasized, as the museum lacked both financial and human resources, but with this restructuring, such projects will become possible."

Under the new legislation, departments concerned with the design of exhibitions, marketing and outreach would now command equal status as the technical disciplines of preservation and restoration.

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