‘Open letter’ inaccurate
The signatories who wrote the open letter that appeared in the Taipei Times leveled several criticisms against Taiwan’s prosecutorial and judicial procedures (“Open letter on erosion of justice in Taiwan,” Nov. 6, page 8). Regrettably, various statements in the letter appear to be indicative of a lack of understanding or perhaps a misunderstanding of due process of law in Taiwan. The Ministry of Justice would like to clarify the relevant facts.
The open letter alleges that “the procedures followed by the prosecutor’s offices are severely flawed.” The majority of the detained present and former Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) government officials, the letter read, were “being held incommunicado without being charged,” which “is a severe contravention of the writ of habeas corpus and a basic violation of due process, justice and the rule of law.” We believe the facts clearly show that this allegation is groundless.
As required by law, when the present and former DPP government officials were interrogated by the prosecutors, they were all informed of the charges that had been brought against them. They were also informed of their rights to retain counsel and to remain silent. After they were detained, they had the right and ability to communicate with their attorneys to seek legal assistance. None of them was held incommunicado without charges.
After they were arrested, they were immediately, within 24 hours at most, brought before judge(s) to determine whether they should be detained before trial for the crimes they were charged with. This is a standard procedure that was strictly followed by all of the prosecutors involved.
Therefore, in the cases in question, the prosecutors did not contravene the writ of habeas corpus or violate due process, justice, or the rule of law. Even the defense attorneys of the DPP officials did not accuse the prosecutors of doing what the open letter claims they did. These facts are indisputable and serve as proof of the prosecutors’ compliance with due process and the law as well as respect for the writ of habeas corpus.
The open letter further states that “the prosecutors’ offices apparently leak detrimental information to the press” with the intention of conducting a “trial by press.” The confidentiality of investigations, however, is explicitly required by our Code of Criminal Procedure (刑事訴訟法). Information relating to ongoing investigations can be disclosed only by the spokespersons of prosecutor’s offices. Any prosecutor who discloses information without authorization will be internally disciplined as well as be subject to criminal prosecution.
The media may receive information from a number of different sources, such as the defense counsels, defendants and witnesses. With respect to the criticism of the Special Task Force attached to the Supreme Prosecutor Office, we have asked the Supreme Prosecutor Office and the Ethics Office of this Ministry to investigate. So far, however, there is no evidence that any prosecutors or other law enforcement officials leaked information to the media.
The most serious allegation made in the open letter was that alleged leaks to the press give “the distinct impression that the Kuomintang [KMT] authorities are using the judicial system to get even with members of the former DPP government.” This creates the misimpression that Taiwan’s judicial system is susceptible to political manipulation, which quite simply is untrue.