India is deliberating potential censorship on streaming platforms such as Netflix and Amazon Prime Video, a senior government source said.
While film and TV certification bodies already moderate public content in India, the nation’s laws do not allow for censorship of content on the increasingly popular online streaming platforms.
The government’s concern has been sparked by several court cases and complaints filed alleging that some content was obscene or insulted religious sentiment, said the government official, who has direct knowledge of the deliberations.
Though concerns around possible censorship had prompted Netflix Inc and Indian rival Hotstar to sign a self-regulation code in January, Amazon.com Inc did not sign up, saying “the current laws are adequate.”
“The self-regulation isn’t the same for all, which is raising a concern ... the directions are clear, we have to see how to address the problems,” the government official said.
Netflix’s first Indian original series, Sacred Games, faced a court challenge last year over “offensive scenes” and derogatory remarks about a former Indian prime minister, but the case was later dismissed.
There was also a police complaint filed last month by an Indian lawmaker who accused some Netflix shows of “defaming Hindus.”
It was unclear whether the complaint would go further and a Mumbai police spokesman on Thursday had no immediate comment.
All of which has heightened concerns within the Indian government, and prompted talks between the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting and the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology in an effort to come up with an acceptable regulatory framework for such content providers.
Though it is possible the government would decide against any regulation, several other options are being explored, the government official said.
They include a self-regulation code without government interference, a government-monitored code or measures requiring platforms to obtain content approval in advance.
Neither ministry responded to requests for comment.
The government official said that there was also concern about disparity in how some content appeared on different mediums.
Smoking scenes in Bollywood movies on Amazon and Netflix in India, for example, do not carry the mandatory anti-tobacco textual warnings.
“With regulation, all of the [global] content will need to be sanitized for India — a huge, expensive and time-consuming exercise,” New Delhi-based technology policy analyst Prasanto Roy said.
Netflix and Amazon are also producing more original local content to win viewers in India, where increased use of mobile data and smartphones is supporting demand for their services.
Netflix, which last year said India could deliver its next 100 million subscribers, has rolled out a monthly mobile-only plan in India for 199 rupees (US$2.80), less than half the price of its cheapest standard plan at 499 rupees.
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