The ethics watchdog for Norway’s US$830 billion sovereign wealth fund is taking the unusual step of warning companies against developing the next generation of weapons — robots that do not require human intervention to kill.
The world’s largest sovereign wealth fund, which invests the income from Norway’s oil industry, is so big that it owns 1.3 percent of the world’s listed company equity. It is required by law to restrict investments in companies on ethical grounds.
It is not allowed to invest in companies that make anti-personnel mines or nuclear weapons, and the head of its independent ethics panel, Johan Andresen, said it would now also be on the lookout for firms involved in development of autonomous weapons, even though the technology is not available yet.
Autonomous weapons select and fire on targets without human intervention. Although their development is in its infancy, some robotics and artificial intelligence researchers suggest it could be just a matter of years before they could be used.
“This is a statement of fair warning, a heads-up,” Andresen said. “If you think about developing technology for recognizing cancer, that is fine, but if you are adapting it to track down a certain type of individual in a certain environment, and cooperating with others to make an autonomous weapon out of it, don’t be surprised if we take a look at you.”
No companies were under examination, said Andresen, as there were none to look at, yet.
The Council on Ethics is an independent body that makes recommendations on companies that may be in breach of the fund’s ethical guidelines. Usually, there has to be a suspicion of a breach for the council to examine it.
It is looking at corruption in the defense, telecoms and energy industries, at workers’ rights in construction, textiles and electronics manufacturing and, beginning this year, at companies responsible for excessive climate change emissions.
Physicist Stephen Hawking, Tesla Motors Inc CEO Elon Musk and Apple Inc co-founder Steve Wozniak were among signatories to a letter penned by artificial intelligence and robotics researchers in July last year calling for a ban on autonomous weapons.
“Artificial intelligence technology has reached a point where the deployment of such systems is — practically if not legally — feasible within years, not decades,” the letter said.
In the US, the Pentagon in December last year said that it would request between US$12 billion and US$15 billion for early work on new technologies, including autonomous weapons.
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